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intimidate

[in-tim-i-deyt] /ɪnˈtɪm ɪˌdeɪt/
verb (used with object), intimidated, intimidating.
1.
to make timid; fill with fear.
2.
to overawe or cow, as through the force of personality or by superior display of wealth, talent, etc.
3.
to force into or deter from some action by inducing fear:
to intimidate a voter into staying away from the polls.
Origin of intimidate
1640-1650
1640-50; < Medieval Latin intimidātus, past participle of intimidāre to make afraid, equivalent to Latin in- in-2 + timid(us) timid, afraid + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
intimidation, noun
intimidator, noun
intimidatory
[in-tim-i-duh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ɪnˈtɪm ɪ dəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
unintimidated, adjective
unintimidating, adjective
Can be confused
intimate, intimidate.
Synonyms
1. frighten, subdue, daunt, terrify.
Antonyms
1. calm. 3. encourage.
Synonym Study
1. See discourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for intimidated
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Surely thou must fancy that I am to be intimidated by the ravings of a woman.

    Gomez Arias Joaqun Telesforo de Trueba y Coso
  • Gervaise was intimidated by this strange reception and felt uneasy.

    L'Assommoir Emile Zola
  • She was intimidated; she was a woman and she could not help herself.

    The Eternal City Hall Caine
  • Some they bought—some they ruined—some they intimidated—some they destroyed by calumny.

    Sir Jasper Carew Charles James Lever
  • Why were the poor men to be threatened, intimidated, bullied by armed force?

    Recollections David Christie Murray
British Dictionary definitions for intimidated

intimidate

/ɪnˈtɪmɪˌdeɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to make timid or frightened; scare
2.
to discourage, restrain, or silence illegally or unscrupulously, as by threats or blackmail
Derived Forms
intimidating, adjective
intimidation, noun
intimidator, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Medieval Latin intimidāre, from Latin in-² + timidus fearful, from timor fear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for intimidated

intimidate

v.

1640s, from Medieval Latin intimidatus, past participle of intimidare "to frighten, intimidate," from Latin in- "in" (see in- (2)) + timidus "fearful" (see timid). Related: Intimidated; intimidating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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