• synonyms


[leesh-muh-nahy-uh-sis, lahysh-]
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noun Pathology.
  1. any infection caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania.
Also leish·man·i·o·sis [leesh-man-ee-oh-sis, -mey-nee-, lahysh-] /liʃˌmæn iˈoʊ sɪs, -ˌmeɪ ni-, laɪʃ-/.
Compare kala-azar.

Origin of leishmaniasis

First recorded in 1910–15; leishman(ia) + -iasis
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for leishmaniasis


leishmaniosis (liːʃˌmeɪnɪˈəʊsɪs, -ˌmæn-)

  1. any disease, such as kala-azar, caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

leishmaniasis in Medicine

American leishmaniasis

  1. mucocutaneous leishmaniasis

leishmaniasis in Science


  1. An infection or disease caused by any of the flagellate protozoans of the genus Leishmania, transmitted to humans and animals by bloodsucking sand flies and characterized by skin ulcerations or an acute illness marked by fever, anemia, and enlargement of the liver and spleen.