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nominative absolute

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noun Grammar.
  1. a construction consisting in English of a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun in the nominative case followed by a predicate lacking a finite verb, used as a loose modifier of the whole sentence, as the play done in The play done, the audience left the theater.

Origin of nominative absolute

First recorded in 1835–45; by analogy with ablative absolute
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018