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[pal-ee-uh m] /ˈpæl i əm/
noun, plural pallia
[pal-ee-uh] /ˈpæl i ə/ (Show IPA),
a large, rectangular mantle worn by men in ancient Greece and Rome.
  1. a woolen vestment worn by the pope and conferred by him on archbishops, consisting, in its present form, of a narrow ringlike band that rests on the shoulders, with two dependent bands or lappets, one in front and one behind.
  2. an altar cloth; a pall.
Anatomy. the entire cortex of the cerebrum.
Zoology. a mantle, as of a mollusk or bird.
Origin of pallium
before 1150; Old English < Latin (not attested in ME); see pall1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for pallium


noun (pl) -lia (-lɪə), -liums
a garment worn by men in ancient Greece or Rome, made by draping a large rectangular cloth about the body
(mainly RC Church) a woollen vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging from it front and back: worn by the pope, all archbishops, and (as a mark of special honour) some bishops
(anatomy) Also called mantle. the cerebral cortex and contiguous white matter
(zoology) another name for mantle (sense 5)
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: cloak; related to Latin palla mantle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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pallium in Medicine

pallium pal·li·um (pāl'ē-əm)
n. pl. pal·li·ums or pal·li·a (-lē-ə)
The mantle of gray matter with the underlying white substance. Also called brain mantle, mantle.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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