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[pan-uh-mah, -maw] /ˈpæn əˌmɑ, -ˌmɔ/
a republic in S Central America. 28,575 sq. mi. (74,010 sq. km).
Also called Panama City. a city in and the capital of Panama, at the Pacific end of the Panama Canal.
Isthmus of. Formerly Isthmus of Darien. an isthmus between North and South America.
Gulf of, the portion of the Pacific in the bend of the Isthmus of Panama.
(sometimes lowercase) Panama hat.
Also, Panamá
[Spanish pah-nah-mah] /Spanish ˌpɑ nɑˈmɑ/ (Show IPA),
(for defs 1, 2).
Related forms
[pan-uh-mey-nee-uh n, -mah-] /ˌpæn əˈmeɪ ni ən, -ˈmɑ-/ (Show IPA),
adjective, noun
[pa-nam-ik] /pæˈnæm ɪk/ (Show IPA),
pro-Panama, adjective
pro-Panamanian, adjective, noun
pseudo-Panamanian, adjective, noun
trans-Panamanian, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for Panama


/ˌpænəˈmɑː; ˈpænəˌmɑː/
a republic in Central America, occupying the Isthmus of Panama: gained independence from Spain in 1821 and joined Greater Colombia; became independent in 1903, with the immediate area around the canal forming the Canal Zone under US jurisdiction; Panama assumed sovereignty over the Canal Zone in 1979 and full control in 1999. Official language: Spanish; English is also widely spoken. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: balboa. Capital: Panama City. Pop: 3 559 408 (2013 est). Area: 75 650 sq km (29 201 sq miles)
Isthmus of Panama, an isthmus linking North and South America, between the Pacific and the Caribbean. Length: 676 km (420 miles). Width (at its narrowest point): 50 km (31 miles) Former name Darien, Isthmus of Darien
Gulf of Panama, a wide inlet of the Pacific in Panama
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Panama

probably from an unknown Guarani word, traditionally said to mean "place of many fish." Originally the name of the settlement founded 1519 (destroyed 1671 but subsequently rebuilt). Panama hat, made from the leaves of the screw pine, attested from 1833, a misnomer, because it originally was made in Ecuador, but perhaps so called in American English because it was distributed north from Panama City. Panama red as a variety of Central American marijuana is attested from 1967.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Panama in Culture

Panama definition

Republic on the Isthmus of Panama, which connects Central America and South America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, and Colombia to the east. Its capital and largest city is Panama City.

Note: Backed by the United States, which wanted to negotiate a treaty to build a canal connecting the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean, Panama revolted against Colombia, of which it was a part, and declared itself independent in 1903.
Note: The United States built the Panama Canal from 1904 to 1914, and American relations with Panama long were shaped by the U.S. presence in the Canal Zone, which divides the country.
Note: In 1989, the United States invaded Panama and forcibly removed its leader, Manuel Noriega, to the United States, where he was tried and convicted for drug trafficking. (See also Panama Canal.)
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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