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presume

[pri-zoom] /prɪˈzum/
verb (used with object), presumed, presuming.
1.
to take for granted, assume, or suppose:
I presume you're tired after your drive.
2.
Law. to assume as true in the absence of proof to the contrary.
3.
to undertake with unwarrantable boldness.
4.
to undertake (to do something) without right or permission:
to presume to speak for another.
verb (used without object), presumed, presuming.
5.
to take something for granted; suppose.
6.
to act or proceed with unwarrantable or impertinent boldness.
7.
to go too far in acting unwarrantably or in taking liberties (usually followed by on or upon):
Do not presume upon his tolerance.
Origin of presume
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English presumen (< Old French presumer) < Latin praesūmere to take beforehand (Late Latin: take for granted, assume, dare), equivalent to prae- pre- + sūmere to take up, suppose (see consume)
Related forms
presumedly
[pri-zoo-mid-lee] /prɪˈzu mɪd li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
presumer, noun
unpresumed, adjective
Synonyms
1. presuppose. 6. overstep.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for presume
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • I do not presume to decide whether all that is believed has the inward significancy.

    Philothea Lydia Maria Child
  • "As long as the party is in the right, I presume, you mean," said Vivian.

  • I presume half our people, on a pinch, could have brought the Sterling in.

    Ned Myers James Fenimore Cooper
  • I will not presume to think of entering her presence, or my papa's without leave.

    Clarissa, Volume 2 (of 9) Samuel Richardson
  • Nothing can be done, Madam, I must presume to say, if this gentleman's address be the end.

    Clarissa, Volume 2 (of 9) Samuel Richardson
British Dictionary definitions for presume

presume

/prɪˈzjuːm/
verb
1.
(when transitive, often takes a clause as object) to take (something) for granted; assume
2.
(when transitive, often foll by an infinitive) to take upon oneself (to do something) without warrant or permission; dare: do you presume to copy my work?
3.
(intransitive; foll by on or upon) to rely or depend: don't presume on his agreement
4.
(law) to take as proved until contrary evidence is produced
Derived Forms
presumedly (prɪˈzjuːmɪdlɪ) adverb
presumer, noun
presuming, adjective
presumingly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Latin praesūmere to take in advance, from prae before + sūmere to assume
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for presume
v.

late 14c., "to take upon oneself, to take liberty," also "to take for granted, presuppose," especially overconfidently, from Old French presumer (12c.) and directly from Latin praesumere "anticipate," in Late Latin, "assume" (see presumption). Related: Presumed; presumedly; presuming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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11
14
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