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ruminate

[roo-muh-neyt]
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verb (used without object), ru·mi·nat·ed, ru·mi·nat·ing.
  1. to chew the cud, as a ruminant.
  2. to meditate or muse; ponder.
verb (used with object), ru·mi·nat·ed, ru·mi·nat·ing.
  1. to chew again or over and over.
  2. to meditate on; ponder.

Origin of ruminate

1525–35; < Latin rūminātus (past participle of rūminārī, rūmināre to ruminate), equivalent to rūmin- (stem of rūmen rumen) + -ātus -ate1
Related formsru·mi·nat·ing·ly, adverbru·mi·na·tion, nounru·mi·na·tive, adjectiveru·mi·na·tive·ly, adverbru·mi·na·tor, nounnon·ru·mi·nat·ing, adjectivenon·ru·mi·nat·ing·ly, adverbnon·ru·mi·na·tion, nounnon·ru·mi·na·tive, adjectiveun·ru·mi·nat·ed, adjectiveun·ru·mi·nat·ing, adjectiveun·ru·mi·nat·ing·ly, adverbun·ru·mi·na·tive, adjective

Synonyms

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2. think, reflect.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for ruminate

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Then he sought the friendly shelter of the weeds, and sat still to ruminate.

  • His last days, moreover, had been too crowded for him to ruminate over their taste.

  • So he breathed not a word, and continued to ruminate upon his vengeance.

    Brazilian Tales

    Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis

  • He seemed to ruminate on this thought as if it gave him special cause for reflection.

    A Man to His Mate

    J. Allan Dunn

  • And, much disconcerted, he walked to the parlour, to ruminate upon some other measure.

    Camilla

    Fanny Burney


British Dictionary definitions for ruminate

ruminate

verb
  1. (of ruminants) to chew (the cud)
  2. (when intr , often foll by upon, on, etc) to meditate or ponder (upon)
Derived Formsrumination, nounruminative, adjectiveruminatively, adverbruminator, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Latin rūmināre to chew the cud, from rumen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ruminate

v.

1530s, "to turn over in the mind," also "to chew cud" (1540s), from Latin ruminatus, past participle of ruminare "to chew the cud; turn over in the mind," from rumen (genitive ruminis) "gullet," of uncertain origin. Related: Ruminated; ruminating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper