- a student in the second year of high school or college.
- a person or group in the second year of any endeavor: He's a sophomore on Wall Street.
- of or relating to a sophomore.
- of or being a second effort or second version: Their sophomore album was even better than their first.
Origin of sophomore
- mainly US and Canadian a second-year student at a secondary (high) school or college
- (of a book, recording, etc by an artist) secondher sophomore album
Word Origin and History for sophomore
1680s, "student in the second year of university study," literally "arguer," altered from sophumer (1650s, from sophume, archaic variant form of sophism), probably by influence of folk etymology derivation from Greek sophos "wise" + moros "foolish, dull." The original reference might be to the dialectic exercises that formed a large part of education in the middle years. At Oxford and Cambridge, a sophister (from sophist with spurious -er as in philosopher) was a second- or third-year student (what Americans would call a "junior" might be a senior sophister).