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verb (used with object), sub·ju·gat·ed, sub·ju·gat·ing.
  1. to bring under complete control or subjection; conquer; master.
  2. to make submissive or subservient; enslave.

Origin of subjugate

1400–50; late Middle English < Late Latin subjugātus, past participle of subjugāre to subjugate, equivalent to sub- sub- + jug(um) yoke1 + -ātus -ate1
Related formssub·ju·ga·ble [suhb-juh-guh-buh l] /ˈsʌb dʒə gə bəl/, adjectivesub·ju·ga·tion, nounsub·ju·ga·tor, nounnon·sub·ju·ga·ble, adjectiveself-sub·ju·gat·ing, adjectiveun·sub·ju·gat·ed, adjective


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1, 2. overcome, vanquish, reduce, overpower.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for subjugate


verb (tr)
  1. to bring into subjection
  2. to make subservient or submissive
Derived Formssubjugable (ˈsʌbdʒəɡəbəl), adjectivesubjugation, nounsubjugator, noun

Word Origin

C15: from Late Latin subjugāre to subdue, from Latin sub- + jugum yoke
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for subjugate


early 15c., from Latin subjugatus, past participle of subjugare (see subjugation). Related: Subjugated; subjugating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper