- the season between spring and autumn, in the Northern Hemisphere from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox, and in the Southern Hemisphere from the winter solstice to the vernal equinox.
- the period comprising the months of June, July, and August in the U.S., and from the middle of May to the middle of August in Great Britain.
- a period of hot, usually sunny weather: We had no real summer last year.
- the hotter half of the year (opposed to winter): They spend the summers in New Hampshire and the winters in Florida.
- the period of finest development, perfection, or beauty previous to any decline: the summer of life.
- a whole year as represented by this season: a girl of fifteen summers.
- of, relating to, or characteristic of summer: Iced tea is a summer drink.
- appropriate for or done during the summer: summer clothes; summer sports.
- having the weather or warmth of summer: summer days in late October.
- to spend or pass the summer: They summered in Maine.
- to keep, feed, or manage during the summer: Sheep are summered in high pastures.
- to make summerlike.
Origin of summer1
- a principal beam or girder, as one running between girts to support joists.
- a stone laid upon a pier, column, or wall, from which one or more arches spring: usually molded or otherwise treated like the arch or arches springing from it.
- a beam or lintel.
Origin of summer2
Examples from the Web for summer
Pitchfork called him a “a rap-obsessed misfit from a summer camp who freestyles poorly” who is “ridiculous without knowing it.”The Cult of Yung Lean: ‘I’m Building An Anarchistic Society From the Ground Up’
January 4, 2015
Miller traces his irreverent and subversive streak to a psychedelic experience during the particularly sweltering summer of 1991.DJ Spooky Wants You To Question Everything You Know About Music, Technology, and Philosophy
December 27, 2014
What ritual did some celebrities start engaging in over the summer?Michael Tomasky’s Year-End Quiz: Test Your 2014 News Knowledge
December 26, 2014
BEIRUT—It is December, but Sabrine Omar is still wearing her summer clothes.A Sunni-Shia Love Story Imperiled by al Qaeda
December 26, 2014
I was a bridesmaid this summer for a couple that met at The Ball in 2011.The Craziest Date Night for Single Jews, Where Mistletoe Is Ditched for Shots
December 26, 2014
Then for the summer we'll go to Newport, and when we come back from there we'll take a house.The Spenders
Harry Leon Wilson
Connecticut supplies all summer resorts with the finest Havana segars.
It was well that it was a summer night, for lodgings there were none.The Armourer's Prentices
Charlotte M. Yonge
And here it was that the summer began its game with their hearts.Viviette
William J. Locke
And what are the haughtiest of us, but the ephemeral aristocrats of a summer's day?The Toll Gatherer's Day (From "Twice Told Tales")
- (sometimes capital)
- the warmest season of the year, between spring and autumn, astronomically from the June solstice to the September equinox in the N hemisphere and at the opposite time of year in the S hemisphere
- (as modifier)summer flowers; a summer dress Related adjective: aestival
- the period of hot weather associated with the summer
- a time of blossoming, greatest happiness, etc
- mainly poetic a year represented by this seasona child of nine summers
- (intr) to spend the summer (at a place)
- (tr) to keep or feed (farm animals) during the summerthey summered their cattle on the mountain slopes
- Also called: summer tree a large horizontal beam or girder, esp one that supports floor joists
- another name for lintel
- a stone on the top of a column, pier, or wall that supports an arch or lintel
Word Origin and History for summer
"hot season of the year," Old English sumor, from Proto-Germanic *sumur- (cf. Old Saxon, Old Norse, Old High German sumar, Old Frisian sumur, Middle Dutch somer, Dutch zomer, German Sommer), from PIE root *sem- (cf. Sanskrit sama "season, half-year," Avestan hama "in summer," Armenian amarn "summer," Old Irish sam, Old Welsh ham, Welsh haf "summer"). Old Norse sumarsdag, first day of summer, was the Thursday that fell between April 9 and 15.
Summer camp is attested from 1893; summer resort is from 1832; summer school first recorded 1860; theatrical summer stock is attested from 1942.
"horizontal bearing beam," late 13c., from Anglo-French sumer, Old French somer "main beam," originally "pack horse," from Vulgar Latin *saumarius, from Late Latin sagmarius "pack horse," from sagma "packsaddle" (see sumpter).
"to pass the summer," mid-15c., from summer (n.1). Related: Summered; summering.