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travertine

[trav-er-teen, -tin] /ˈtræv ərˌtin, -tɪn/
noun
1.
a form of limestone deposited by springs, especially hot springs, used in Italy for building.
Also, travertin
[trav-er-tin] /ˈtræv ər tɪn/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin of travertine
1545-1555
1545-55; < Italian travertino, equivalent to tra- across (< Latin trāns- trans-) + (ti)vertino < Latin Tīburtīnus, equivalent to Tīburt- (stem of Tīburs) the territory of Tibur (see Tivoli) + -īnus -ine1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for travertine
Historical Examples
  • They are built of blocks of red tufa, with facing of travertine.

    Pagan and Christian Rome Rodolfo Lanciani
  • The ground floor corridor is wainscoted in rosy-tan Montana travertine.

    North Dakota Various
  • The tufa and travertine wall is erected on the travertine pavement of the Comitium.

    Rambles in Rome S. Russell Forbes
  • This has been heightened by a travertine wall of the republican period.

    Rambles in Rome S. Russell Forbes
  • The walls of the cella were built of travertine faced with marble.

    Old Rome

    Robert Burn
  • Fragments of the travertine substructions of the scena still remain.

    Old Rome

    Robert Burn
  • The huge blocks of travertine of which it is built were taken from the Coliseum.

    Walks in Rome Augustus J.C. Hare
  • The pavement of the square, on which you may still walk, was of travertine.

    The Wonders of Pompeii Marc Monnier
  • It consisted of a series of plain, massive arches built of travertine.

    Roman Mosaics Hugh Macmillan
  • The Sistine Bridge was founded upon huge blocks of travertine brought directly from the ruins of the Colosseum.

    The Makers of Modern Rome Mrs. (Margaret) Oliphant
British Dictionary definitions for travertine

travertine

/ˈtrævətɪn/
noun
1.
a porous rock consisting of calcium carbonate, used for building Also called calc-sinter
Word Origin
C18: from Italian travertino (influenced by tra-trans-), from Latin lapisTīburtīnus Tiburtine stone, from Tīburs the district around Tibur (now Tivoli)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for travertine
n.

1797, from Italian travertino "a kind of building stone," from Latin tiburtinus, from Tiburs, adjective from Tibur (modern Tivoli), region in Latium.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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travertine in Science
travertine
  (trāv'ər-tēn', -tĭn)   
A white, tan, or cream-colored form of limestone, often having a fibrous or concentric appearance. Travertine is formed through the rapid precipitation of calcium carbonate, especially at the mouth of a hot spring or in limestone caves, where it forms stalactites and stalagmites. It is similar to, but harder than, tufa.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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