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[trooth] /truθ/
noun, plural truths
[trooth z, trooths] /truðz, truθs/ (Show IPA)
the true or actual state of a matter:
He tried to find out the truth.
conformity with fact or reality; verity:
the truth of a statement.
a verified or indisputable fact, proposition, principle, or the like:
mathematical truths.
the state or character of being true.
actuality or actual existence.
an obvious or accepted fact; truism; platitude.
honesty; integrity; truthfulness.
(often initial capital letter) ideal or fundamental reality apart from and transcending perceived experience:
the basic truths of life.
agreement with a standard or original.
accuracy, as of position or adjustment.
Archaic. fidelity or constancy.
in truth, in reality; in fact; actually:
In truth, moral decay hastened the decline of the Roman Empire.
Origin of truth
before 900; Middle English treuthe, Old English trēowth (cognate with Old Norse tryggth faith). See true, -th1
Related forms
truthless, adjective
truthlessness, noun
mistruth, noun
nontruth, noun
Can be confused
truism, truth (see confusables note at truism)
1. fact. 2. veracity. 7. sincerity, candor, frankness. 10. precision, exactness.
1. falsehood. 2, 4, 7. falsity.
Confusables note
See truism.


[trooth] /truθ/
[soh-jur-ner,, soh-jur-ner] /ˈsoʊ dʒɜr nər,, soʊˈdʒɜr nər/ (Show IPA),
(Isabella Van Wagener) 1797?–1883, U.S. abolitionist, orator, and women's-rights advocate, born a slave. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for truth
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It is such as I will describe; for I must dare to speak the truth, when truth is my theme.

    Phaedrus Plato
  • All, all but truth, drops dead-born from the press, Like the last gazette or the last address.

    Essay on Man Alexander Pope
  • Then, in answer to the lightkeeper's questions, came the disclosure of the truth.

    The Woman-Haters Joseph C. Lincoln
  • But the truth is, these elegies have neither passion, nature, nor manners.

  • truth to tell, both he and Carlier were in desperate straits.

    The White Lie William Le Queux
British Dictionary definitions for truth


the quality of being true, genuine, actual, or factual: the truth of his statement was attested
something that is true as opposed to false: you did not tell me the truth
a proven or verified principle or statement; fact: the truths of astronomy
(usually pl) a system of concepts purporting to represent some aspect of the world: the truths of ancient religions
fidelity to a required standard or law
faithful reproduction or portrayal: the truth of a portrait
an obvious fact; truism; platitude
honesty, reliability, or veracity: the truth of her nature
accuracy, as in the setting, adjustment, or position of something, such as a mechanical instrument
the state or quality of being faithful; allegiance
adjectives veritable veracious
Derived Forms
truthless, adjective
Word Origin
Old English triewth; related to Old High German gitriuwida fidelity, Old Norse tryggr true
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for truth

Old English triewð (West Saxon), treowð (Mercian) "faithfulness, quality of being true," from triewe, treowe "faithful" (see true), with Proto-Germanic abstract noun suffix *-itho (see -th (2)).

Meaning "accuracy, correctness" is from 1560s. Unlike lie (v.), there is no primary verb in English or most other IE languages for "speak the truth." Noun sense of "something that is true" is first recorded mid-14c.

Let [Truth] and Falsehood grapple; who ever knew Truth put to the worse, in a free and open encounter. [Milton, "Areopagitica," 1644]
Truth squad in U.S. political sense first attested 1952. Truthiness "act or quality of preferring concepts or facts one wishes to be true, rather than those known to be true," catch word popularized in this sense by U.S. comedian Stephen Colbert, declared by American Dialect Society to be "2005 Word of the Year."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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truth in the Bible

Used in various senses in Scripture. In Prov. 12:17, 19, it denotes that which is opposed to falsehood. In Isa. 59:14, 15, Jer. 7:28, it means fidelity or truthfulness. The doctrine of Christ is called "the truth of the gospel" (Gal. 2:5), "the truth" (2 Tim. 3:7; 4:4). Our Lord says of himself, "I am the way, and the truth" (John 14:6).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with truth
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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