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[trih-pan-uh-sohm, trip-uh-nuh-] /trɪˈpæn əˌsoʊm, ˈtrɪp ə nə-/
any minute, flagellate protozoan of the genus Trypanosoma, parasitic in the blood or tissues of humans and other vertebrates, usually transmitted by insects, often causing serious diseases, as African sleeping sickness in humans, and many diseases in domestic animals.
Origin of trypanosome
1900-05; < Greek trȳpano- (combining form of trȳ́panon borer) + -some3
Related forms
trypanosomal, trypanosomic
[trih-pan-uh-som-ik, trip-uh-nuh-] /trɪˌpæn əˈsɒm ɪk, ˌtrɪp ə nə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for trypanosome
Historical Examples
  • The trypanosome diseases form the best example of this mode of transmission.

    Disease and Its Causes

    William Thomas Councilman
  • Some weeks later they evolve into the trypanosome forms, pathogenic for man.

    Handbook of Medical Entomology William Albert Riley
  • The trypanosome lives in the blood of wild game and of rats without producing mischief.

  • This disease is caused by a Protozoan parasite, a trypanosome, which is transmitted from one host to another by the tsetse-fly.

    Insects and Diseases Rennie W. Doane
  • It is a matter of great interest that a trypanosome has been found in a death-stricken herd of European bison.

    More Science From an Easy Chair

    Sir E. Ray (Edwin Ray) Lankester
British Dictionary definitions for trypanosome


any parasitic flagellate protozoan of the genus Trypanosoma, which lives in the blood of vertebrates, is transmitted by certain insects, and causes sleeping sickness and certain other diseases
Derived Forms
trypanosomal, trypanosomic (ˌtrɪpənəˈsɒmɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin Trypanosoma, from Greek trupanon borer + sōma body
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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trypanosome in Medicine

trypanosome try·pan·o·some (trĭ-pān'ə-sōm')
A member of the genus Trypanosoma or of the family Trypanosomatidae.

try·pan'o·so'mal or try·pan'o·som'ic (-sŏm'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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trypanosome in Science
Any of various parasitic flagellate protozoans of the genus Trypanosoma that can cause serious diseases, such as sleeping sickness. They are transmitted by the bite of certain insects, such as tsetse flies.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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