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-eer

  1. a noun-forming suffix occurring originally in loanwords from French (buccaneer; mutineer; pioneer) and productive in the formation of English nouns denoting persons who produce, handle, or are otherwise significantly associated with the referent of the base word (auctioneer; engineer; mountaineer; pamphleteer); now frequently pejorative (profiteer; racketeer).Compare -ary, -er2, -ier2.
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Origin of -eer

< French, Middle French -ier (Old French < Latin -ārius -ary as suffix of personal nouns); in some nouns replacing earlier suffixes (see engineer, charioteer) or the French suffix -aire -aire (see musketeer, volunteer)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for -eer

-eer

-ier

suffix
  1. (forming nouns) indicating a person who is concerned with or who does something specifiedauctioneer; engineer; profiteer; mutineer
  2. (forming verbs) to be concerned with something specifiedelectioneer
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Word Origin

from Old French -ier, from Latin -arius -ary
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for -eer

suffix meaning "one who" (operates, produces, deals in); anglicized form of French -ier, from Latin -arius, -iarius; cf. -ary.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper