-ment


a suffix of nouns, often concrete, denoting an action or resulting state (abridgment; refreshment), a product (fragment), or means (ornament).

Nearby words

  1. -meal,
  2. -megalia,
  3. -megaly,
  4. -meister,
  5. -melia,
  6. -mer,
  7. -mere,
  8. -merous,
  9. -meter,
  10. -metric

Origin of -ment

< French < Latin -mentum, suffix forming nouns, usually from verbs

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for -ment

-ment

suffix forming nouns

indicating state, condition, or qualityenjoyment
indicating the result or product of an actionembankment
indicating process or actionmanagement

Word Origin for -ment

from French, from Latin -mentum

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for -ment

-ment

suffix forming nouns, originally from French and representing Latin -mentum, which was added to verb stems sometimes to represent the result or product of the action. French inserts an -e- between the verbal root and the suffix (e.g. commenc-e-ment from commenc-er; with verbs in ir, -i- is inserted instead (e.g. sent-i-ment from sentir). Used with English verb stems from 16c. (e.g. merriment, which also illustrates the habit of turning -y to -i- before this suffix).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper