-some

1

a native English suffix formerly used in the formation of adjectives: quarrelsome; burdensome.

Nearby words

  1. -sion,
  2. -sis,
  3. -sk,
  4. -sol,
  5. -soma,
  6. -something,
  7. -sophy,
  8. -speak,
  9. -sperm,
  10. -spermal

Origin of -some

1
Middle English; Old English -sum; akin to Gothic -sama, German -sam; see same

-some

2

a collective suffix used with numerals: twosome; threesome.

Origin of -some

2
Middle English -sum, Old English sum; special use of some (pronoun)

-some

3

a combining form meaning “body,” used in the formation of compound words: chromosome.
Also -soma.

Origin of -some

3
< Greek sôma body; see soma1

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for -some

-some

1

suffix forming adjectives

characterized by; tending toawesome; tiresome

Word Origin for -some

Old English -sum; related to Gothic -sama, German -sam

suffix forming nouns

indicating a group of a specified number of membersthreesome

Word Origin for -some

Old English sum, special use of some (determiner)

n combining form

a bodychromosome

Word Origin for -some

from Greek sōma body

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for -some
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for -some

-some

suff.

Body:centrosome.
Chromosome:autosome.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.