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abrasive

[uh-brey-siv, -ziv]
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noun
  1. any material or substance used for grinding, polishing, etc., as emery, pumice, or sandpaper.
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adjective
  1. tending to abrade; causing abrasion; abrading.
  2. tending to annoy or cause ill will; overly aggressive: an abrasive personality.
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Origin of abrasive

1870–75; < Latin abrās(us) (see abrasion) + -ive
Related formsa·bra·sive·ly, adverba·bra·sive·ness, nounun·a·bra·sive, adjectiveun·a·bra·sive·ly, adverb

Synonyms for abrasive

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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for abrasive

biting, nasty, annoying, caustic, sharp, rough, cutting, scratching, grinding, galling, hateful, hurtful, unpleasant, spiky, scratchy, erosive

Examples from the Web for abrasive

Contemporary Examples of abrasive

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British Dictionary definitions for abrasive

abrasive

noun
  1. a substance or material such as sandpaper, pumice, or emery, used for cleaning, grinding, smoothing, or polishing
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adjective
  1. causing abrasion; grating; rough
  2. irritating in manner or personality; causing tension or annoyance
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Derived Formsabrasiveness, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for abrasive

n.

"an abrasive substance," 1853, from abrasive (adj.).

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adj.

1805, from Latin abras-, past participle stem of abradere (see abrasion) + -ive. Figurative sense of "tending to provoke anger" is first recorded 1925. Related: Abrasively; abrasiveness.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

abrasive in Medicine

abrasive

(ə-brāsĭv)
adj.
  1. Causing abrasion.
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n.
  1. A material used to produce abrasion.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.