View synonyms for absent


[ adjective preposition ab-suhnt; verb ab-sent, ab-suhnt ]


  1. not in a certain place at a given time; away, missing ( present ):

    absent from class.

    Synonyms: off, out

    Antonyms: present

  2. lacking; nonexistent:

    Revenge is absent from his mind.

  3. not attentive; preoccupied; absent-minded:

    an absent look on his face.

verb (used with object)

  1. to take or keep (oneself ) away:

    to absent oneself from a meeting.


  1. in the absence of; without:

    Absent some catastrophe, stock-market prices should soon improve.



  1. away or not present
  2. lacking; missing
  3. inattentive; absent-minded


  1. tr to remove (oneself) or keep away

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Derived Forms

  • abˈsenter, noun

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Other Words From

  • ab·sen·ta·tion [ab-s, uh, n-, tey, -sh, uh, n], noun
  • ab·senter noun
  • absent·ness noun
  • nonab·sen·tation noun

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Word History and Origins

Origin of absent1

First recorded in 1350–1400; Middle English, from Latin absent-, stem of absēns “being away,” present participle of abesse “to be away,” from ab- ab- + esse “to be”

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Word History and Origins

Origin of absent1

C14: from Latin absent-, stem of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away

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Example Sentences

While the giant has made efforts recently to elevate quality reporting in its algorithms, most of those ranking decisions are made absent of human judgement.

From Axios

His social studies teacher was absent, which hadn’t been announced until the night before, and he hadn’t received the Zoom link for the substitute.

Noticeably absent are the US, China, and Russia—all home to companies with Covid-19 vaccines in development.

From Quartz

Google, when looking at sites it knew it could trust around YMYL topics, determined that they were absent of marketing language on informational pages.

Cultural influence shapes the gendered behavior of every human on this planet, meaning we cannot measure innate sex differences absent cultural factors.

Absent a body, no one can say with absolute certainty whether Castro is dead, even if all signs point in that direction.

But, they added, that body scanners are absent at local airports, which they called “this large loophole.”

Noticeably absent are the multiple award nominations and high praise from critics.

The absent turkey had been blown clean away in the hurricane force winds, I concluded.

Kate has been absent from public view since the announcment was made on September 8.

In pneumonia chlorids are constantly very low, and in some cases are absent entirely.

The infectious diseases in which leukocytosis is absent (p. 160) often cause a slight decrease of leukocytes.

Murat was absent, and there was no evil influence to cloud his friendship with his great chief.

Pepsin is rarely or never absent in the presence of free hydrochloric acid.

Since the two enzyms are almost invariably present or absent together, the test for rennin serves also as a test for pepsin.





absence seizureabsentee