1. noting or pertaining to the grammatical case or inflectional form of the subject of an intransitive verb and the direct object of a transitive verb in an ergative language such as Inuit.
  1. an absolutive form of a word in an ergative language.
  2. the absolutive case.

Origin of absolutive

First recorded in 1860–65; absolut(e) + -ive
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018