[ uh-kyoo-zuh-tiv ]
/ əˈkyu zə tɪv /


  1. (in certain inflected languages, as Latin, Greek, or Russian) noting a case whose distinctive function is to indicate the direct object of a verb or the object of certain prepositions.
  2. similar to such a case form in function or meaning.
Linguistics. pertaining to a type of language in which there is an accusative case or in which subjects of transitive verbs behave the same way as subjects of intransitive verbs.Compare ergative(def 2).


an accusative case.
a word in an accusative case.
a form or construction of similar function.

Origin of accusative

1400–50; late Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin accūsātīvus, equivalent to ac- ac- + -cūsātīvus, combining form of causātīvus (see causative) a loan-translation of Greek aitiatikḗ, in the sense of pointing to the origin or cause, accusing)


ac·cu·sa·tive·ly, adverbself-ac·cu·sa·tive, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Examples from the Web for accusative

British Dictionary definitions for accusative

/ (əˈkjuːzətɪv) /


grammar denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives in inflected languages that is used to identify the direct object of a finite verb, of certain prepositions, and for certain other purposesSee also objective (def. 5)
another word for accusatorial


  1. the accusative case
  2. a word or speech element in the accusative case

Derived forms of accusative

accusatival (əˌkjuːzəˈtaɪvəl), adjectiveaccusatively, adverb

Word Origin for accusative

C15: from Latin; in grammar, from the phrase cāsus accūsātīvus accusative case, a mistaken translation of Greek ptōsis aitiatikē the case indicating causation. See accuse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012