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adjunct

[aj-uhngkt]
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noun
  1. something added to another thing but not essential to it.
  2. a person associated with lesser status, rank, authority, etc., in some duty or service; assistant.
  3. a person working at an institution, as a college or university, without having full or permanent status: My lawyer works two nights a week as an adjunct, teaching business law at the college.
  4. Grammar. a modifying form, word, or phrase depending on some other form, word, or phrase, especially an element of clause structure with adverbial function.
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adjective
  1. joined or associated, especially in an auxiliary or subordinate relationship.
  2. attached or belonging without full or permanent status: an adjunct surgeon on the hospital staff.
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Origin of adjunct

1580–90; < Latin adjunctus joined to (past participle of adjungere), equivalent to ad- ad- + jung- (nasal variant of jug- yoke1) + -tus past participle suffix
Related formsad·junct·ly, adverb

Synonyms

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1. appendix, supplement. 2. aide, attaché.

Synonym study

1. See addition.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for adjunct

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • What remains of the former cathedral is now an adjunct to a hotel.

  • When I get a photograph I treasure it as an adjunct to the sketch.

    Boy Scouts Handbook

    Boy Scouts of America

  • As an adjunct to class work, the travelling library is proposed.

    The Arena

    Various

  • Sails can sometimes be used with advantage on the komatik as an adjunct.

    A Labrador Doctor

    Wilfred Thomason Grenfell

  • If the adjunct is placed elsewhere, different considerations apply.

    "Stops"

    Paul Allardyce


British Dictionary definitions for adjunct

adjunct

noun
  1. something incidental or not essential that is added to something else
  2. a person who is subordinate to another
  3. grammar
    1. part of a sentence other than the subject or the predicate
    2. (in systemic grammar) part of a sentence other than the subject, predicator, object, or complement; usually a prepositional or adverbial group
    3. part of a sentence that may be omitted without making the sentence ungrammatical; a modifier
  4. logic another name for accident (def. 4)
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adjective
  1. added or connected in a secondary or subordinate position; auxiliary
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Derived Formsadjunctive (əˈdʒʌŋktɪv), adjectiveadjunctly, adverb

Word Origin

C16: from Latin adjunctus, past participle of adjungere to adjoin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for adjunct

n.

1580s, from Latin adjunctus "closely connected, joined, united;" as a noun, "a characteristic, essential attribute," past participle of adjungere "join to" (see adjoin).

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adj.

1590s, from Latin adjunctus "closely connected, joined, united," past participle of adjungere "join to" (see adjoin). Adjunct professor is 1826, American English.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper