[ uh-fahy-uh ns ]
/ əˈfaɪ əns /

verb (used with object), af·fi·anced, af·fi·anc·ing.

to pledge by promise of marriage; betroth.

noun Archaic.

a pledging of faith, as a marriage contract.
trust; confidence; reliance.

Nearby words

  1. afferent nerve,
  2. afferent vessel,
  3. afferent-loop syndrome,
  4. afferently,
  5. affettuoso,
  6. affianced,
  7. affiant,
  8. affiche,
  9. afficionado,
  10. affidavit

Origin of affiance

1300–50; Middle English < Middle French afiance, equivalent to afi(er) to pledge faith, declare on oath, betroth (< Medieval Latin affīdāre, equivalent to ad- ad- + *fīdāre, for Latin fīdere to trust; see confide) + -ance -ance Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for affiance

British Dictionary definitions for affiance


/ (əˈfaɪəns) /


(tr) to bind (a person or oneself) in a promise of marriage; betroth


archaic a solemn pledge, esp a marriage contract

Word Origin for affiance

C14: via Old French from Medieval Latin affīdāre to trust (oneself) to, from fīdāre to trust, from fīdus faithful

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for affiance



1520s, "to promise," from Old French afiancier "to pledge, promise, give one's word," from afiance (n.) "confidence, trust," from afier "to trust," from Late Latin affidare, from ad- "to" (see ad-) + fidare "to trust," from fidus (see affidavit). From mid-16c. especially "to promise in marriage." Related: Affianced; affiancing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper