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afflict

[ uh-flikt ]
/ əˈflɪkt /
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See synonyms for: afflict / afflicted / afflicting / afflicts on Thesaurus.com

verb (used with object)
to distress with mental or bodily pain; trouble greatly or grievously: to be afflicted with migraine headaches.
Obsolete.
  1. to overthrow; defeat.
  2. to humble.
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Origin of afflict

First recorded in 1350–1400; Middle English afflicten, from Latin afflīctus “distressed,” past participle of afflīgere “to cast down” (af- af- + flīg- “knock” + -tus past participle suffix); replacing Middle English aflight, from Middle French aflit, from Latin; see inflict

OTHER WORDS FROM afflict

WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH afflict

afflict , infect, inflict
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use afflict in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for afflict

afflict
/ (əˈflɪkt) /

verb
(tr) to cause suffering or unhappiness to; distress greatly

Derived forms of afflict

afflictive, adjective

Word Origin for afflict

C14: from Latin afflictus, past participle of afflīgere to knock against, from flīgere to knock, to strike
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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