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anacrusis

[ an-uh-kroo-sis ]
/ ˌæn əˈkru sɪs /
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noun, plural an·a·cru·ses [an-uh-kroo-seez]. /ˌæn əˈkru siz/.

Prosody. an unstressed syllable or syllable group that begins a line of verse but is not counted as part of the first foot.
Music. the note or notes preceding a downbeat; upbeat.

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Origin of anacrusis

1825–35; <Latin <Greek anákrousis, equivalent to anakroú(ein) to strike up, push back (ana-ana- + kroúein to strike, push) + -sis-sis
an·a·crus·tic [an-uh-kruhs-tik], /ˌæn əˈkrʌs tɪk/, adjectivean·a·crus·ti·cal·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for anacrusis

anacrusis
/ (ˌænəˈkruːsɪs) /

noun plural -ses (-siːz)

prosody one or more unstressed syllables at the beginning of a line of verse
music
  1. an unstressed note or group of notes immediately preceding the strong first beat of the first bar
  2. another word for upbeat
anacrustic (ˌænəˈkrʌstɪk), adjective
C19: from Greek anakrousis prelude, from anakrouein to strike up, from ana- + krouein to strike
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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