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analyse

[an-l-ahyz]
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verb (used with object), an·a·lysed, an·a·lys·ing. Chiefly British.
  1. analyze.
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analysis

[uh-nal-uh-sis]
noun, plural a·nal·y·ses [uh-nal-uh-seez] /əˈnæl əˌsiz/.
  1. the separating of any material or abstract entity into its constituent elements (opposed to synthesis).
  2. this process as a method of studying the nature of something or of determining its essential features and their relations: the grammatical analysis of a sentence.
  3. a presentation, usually in writing, of the results of this process: The paper published an analysis of the political situation.
  4. a philosophical method of exhibiting complex concepts or propositions as compounds or functions of more basic ones.
  5. Mathematics.
    1. an investigation based on the properties of numbers.
    2. the discussion of a problem by algebra, as opposed to geometry.
    3. the branch of mathematics consisting of calculus and its higher developments.
    4. a system of calculation, as combinatorial analysis or vector analysis.
    5. a method of proving a proposition by assuming the result and working backward to something that is known to be true.Compare synthesis(def 4).
  6. Chemistry.
    1. intentionally produced decomposition or separation of materials into their ingredients or elements, as to find their kind or quantity.
    2. the ascertainment of the kind or amount of one or more of the constituents of materials, whether obtained in separate form or not.Compare qualitative analysis, quantitative analysis.
  7. psychoanalysis.
  8. Computers. systems analysis.
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Origin of analysis

1575–85; < New Latin < Greek, equivalent to analȳ́(ein) to loosen up (ana- ana- + lȳ́ein to loosen) + -sis -sis
Related formsmis·a·nal·y·sis, noun, plural mis·a·nal·y·ses.o·ver·a·nal·y·sis, noun, plural o·ver·a·nal·y·ses.re·a·nal·y·sis, noun, plural re·a·nal·y·ses.

analyze

[an-l-ahyz]
verb (used with object), an·a·lyzed, an·a·lyz·ing.
  1. to separate (a material or abstract entity) into constituent parts or elements; determine the elements or essential features of (opposed to synthesize): to analyze an argument.
  2. to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence of: to analyze a poem.
  3. to examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, possible results, etc.
  4. to subject to mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc., analysis.
  5. to psychoanalyze: a patient who has been analyzed by two therapists.
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Also especially British, an·a·lyse.

Origin of analyze

1595–1605; back formation from analysis (or from its Latin or Gk sources), with -ys- taken as -ize
Related formsan·a·lyz·a·ble, adjectivean·a·lyz·a·bil·i·ty, nounan·a·ly·za·tion, nounmis·an·a·lyze, verb (used with object), mis·an·a·lyzed, mis·an·a·lyz·ing.non·an·a·lyz·a·ble, adjectivenon·an·a·lyzed, adjectiveo·ver·an·a·lyze, verb, o·ver·an·a·lyzed, o·ver·an·a·lyz·ing.re·an·a·lyz·a·ble, adjectivere·an·a·lyze, verb (used with object), re·an·a·lyzed, re·an·a·lyz·ing.un·an·a·lyz·a·ble, adjectiveun·an·a·lyz·a·bly, adverbun·an·a·lyzed, adjectiveun·an·a·lyz·ing, adjectivewell-an·a·lyzed, adjective

Synonyms

See more synonyms for analyze on Thesaurus.com
1. break down. 2. explicate.

Antonyms

1. synthesize.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for analyses

Historical Examples

  • Analyses, text-books, lectures are not the powers with the young mind.

    Loyola and the Educational System of the Jesuits

    Thomas Hughes

  • Analyses show that the fruit of the species is deficient in sugar and acid.

  • Analyses and commentaries have been multiplied, but they kill the spirit by taking it in detail.

    Michelangelo

    Romain Rolland

  • Analyses of the halberd blades show that the metal of which they are composed does not differ much from that of the copper celts.

  • Analyses of these hybrid stocks show remarkable similarities to the mongrel chaos of the declining Roman Empire.


British Dictionary definitions for analyses

analyse

US analyze

verb (tr)
  1. to examine in detail in order to discover meaning, essential features, etc
  2. to break down into components or essential featuresto analyse a financial structure
  3. to make a mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc, analysis of
  4. another word for psychoanalyse
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Derived Formsanalysable or US analyzable, adjectiveanalysation or US analyzation, nounanalyser or US analyzer, noun

Word Origin

C17: back formation from analysis

analysis

noun plural -ses (-ˌsiːz)
  1. the division of a physical or abstract whole into its constituent parts to examine or determine their relationship or valueCompare synthesis (def. 1)
  2. a statement of the results of this
  3. short for psychoanalysis
  4. chem
    1. the decomposition of a substance into its elements, radicals, or other constituents in order to determine the kinds of constituents present (qualitative analysis) or the amount of each constituent (quantitative analysis)
    2. the result obtained by such a determination
  5. linguistics the use of word order together with word function to express syntactic relations in a language, as opposed to the use of inflectionsCompare synthesis (def. 4)
  6. maths the branch of mathematics principally concerned with the properties of functions, largely arising out of calculus
  7. philosophy (in the writings of Kant) the separation of a concept from another that contains itCompare synthesis (def. 6a)
  8. in the last analysis, in the final analysis or in the ultimate analysis after everything has been given due consideration
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Word Origin

C16: from New Latin, from Greek analusis, literally: a dissolving, from analuein, from ana- + luein to loosen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for analyses

analysis

n.

1580s, "resolution of anything complex into simple elements" (opposite of synthesis), from Medieval Latin analysis (15c.), from Greek analysis "a breaking up, a loosening, releasing," noun of action from analyein "unloose, release, set free; to loose a ship from its moorings," in Aristotle, "to analyze," from ana "up, throughout" (see ana-) + lysis "a loosening," from lyein "to unfasten" (see lose). Psychological sense is from 1890. Phrase in the final (or last) analysis (1844), translates French en dernière analyse.

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analyse

v.

chiefly British English spelling of analyze (q.v.).

Analyse is better than analyze, but merely as being the one of the two equally indefensible forms that has won. The correct but now impossible form would be analysize (or analysise), with analysist for existing analyst. [Fowler]
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analyze

v.

c.1600, "to dissect," from French analyser, from analyse (see analysis). Literature sense is attested from 1610s; meaning in chemistry dates from 1660s. General sense of "to examine closely" dates from 1809; psychological sense is from 1909. Related: Analyzed; analyzing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

analyses in Medicine

analysis

(ə-nălĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. a•nal•y•ses (-sēz′)
  1. The separation of a whole into its constituent parts for individual study.
  2. The separation of a substance into its constituent elements to determine either their nature or proportions.
  3. The stated findings of such a separation or determination.
  4. Psychoanalysis.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

analyses in Science

analysis

[ə-nălĭ-sĭs]
  1. The separation of a substance into its constituent elements, usually by chemical means, for the study and identification of each component.Qualitative analysis determines what substances are present in a compound.Quantitative analysis determines how much of each substance is present in a compound.
  2. A branch of mathematics concerned with limits and convergence and principally involving differential calculus, integral calculus, sequences, and series.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.