the decomposition of a substance into its elements, radicals, or other constituents in order to determine the kinds of constituents present (qualitative analysis) or the amount of each constituent (quantitative analysis)
the result obtained by such a determination
linguisticsthe use of word order together with word function to express syntactic relations in a language, as opposed to the use of inflectionsCompare synthesis (def. 4)
mathsthe branch of mathematics principally concerned with the properties of functions, largely arising out of calculus
philosophy(in the writings of Kant) the separation of a concept from another that contains itCompare synthesis (def. 6a)
in the last analysis, in the final analysisorin the ultimate analysisafter everything has been given due consideration
Word Origin for analysis
C16: from New Latin, from Greek analusis, literally: a dissolving, from analuein, from ana- + luein to loosen
1580s, "resolution of anything complex into simple elements" (opposite of synthesis), from Medieval Latin analysis (15c.), from Greek analysis "a breaking up, a loosening, releasing," noun of action from analyein "unloose, release, set free; to loose a ship from its moorings," in Aristotle, "to analyze," from ana "up, throughout" (see ana-) + lysis "a loosening," from lyein "to unfasten" (see lose). Psychological sense is from 1890. Phrase in the final (or last) analysis (1844), translates French en dernière analyse.
chiefly British English spelling of analyze (q.v.).
Analyse is better than analyze, but merely as being the one of the two equally indefensible forms that has won. The correct but now impossible form would be analysize (or analysise), with analysist for existing analyst. [Fowler]
c.1600, "to dissect," from French analyser, from analyse (see analysis). Literature sense is attested from 1610s; meaning in chemistry dates from 1660s. General sense of "to examine closely" dates from 1809; psychological sense is from 1909. Related: Analyzed; analyzing.
The separation of a substance into its constituent elements, usually by chemical means, for the study and identification of each component.♦ Qualitative analysis determines what substances are present in a compound.♦ Quantitative analysis determines how much of each substance is present in a compound.
A branch of mathematics concerned with limits and convergence and principally involving differential calculus, integral calculus, sequences, and series.