[ an-uh-miz-uh m ]
/ ˈæn əˌmɪz əm /


the belief that natural objects, natural phenomena, and the universe itself possess souls.
the belief that natural objects have souls that may exist apart from their material bodies.
the doctrine that the soul is the principle of life and health.
belief in spiritual beings or agencies.

Nearby words

  1. animator,
  2. animatronic,
  3. animatronics,
  4. anime,
  5. animis opibusque parati,
  6. animosity,
  7. animus,
  8. animé,
  9. anion,
  10. anion exchange

Origin of animism

1825–35; < Latin anim(a) (see anima) + -ism

Related formsan·i·mist, adjectivean·i·mis·tic, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for animism

British Dictionary definitions for animism


/ (ˈænɪˌmɪzəm) /


the belief that natural objects, phenomena, and the universe itself have desires and intentions
(in the philosophies of Plato and Pythagoras) the hypothesis that there is an immaterial force that animates the universe
Derived Formsanimist, nounanimistic (ˌænɪˈmɪstɪk), adjective

Word Origin for animism

C19: from Latin anima vital breath, spirit

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for animism



1866, reintroduced by English anthropologist Sir Edward Burnett Taylor (1832-1917), who defined it (1871) as the "theory of the universal animation of nature," from Latin anima "life, breath, soul" (see animus) + -ism.

Earlier sense was of "doctrine that animal life is produced by an immaterial soul" (1832), from German Animismus, coined c.1720 by physicist/chemist Georg Ernst Stahl (1660-1734) based on the concept of the anima mundi. Animist is attested from 1819, in Stahl's sense; animisic is first recorded 1871.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Culture definitions for animism


[ (an-uh-miz-uhm) ]

The belief that natural objects such as rivers and rocks possess a soul or spirit. Anima is the Latin word for “soul” or “spirit.” (See voodoo.)

The belief, common among so-called primitive people, that objects and natural phenomena, such as rivers, rocks, and wind, are alive and have feelings and intentions. Animistic beliefs form the basis of many cults. (See also fetish and totemism.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.