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aphelion

[ uh-fee-lee-uh n, uh-feel-yuh n, ap-hee-lee-uh n ]
/ əˈfi li ən, əˈfil yən, æpˈhi li ən /
|

noun, plural a·phe·li·a [uh-fee-lee-uh, uh-feel-yuh, ap-hee-lee-uh] /əˈfi li ə, əˈfil yə, æpˈhi li ə/.

Astronomy. the point in the orbit of a planet or a comet at which it is farthest from the sun.

Nearby words

aphanitic, aphasia, aphasic, aphasiology, aphelandra, aphelion, apheliotropic, apheliotropism, aphemia, apheresis, apheretic
Compare perihelion.

Origin of aphelion

1650–60; Hellenized form of New Latin aphēlium < Greek *aphḗlion (diástēma) off-sun (distance), neuter of *aphḗlios (adj.), equivalent to ap- ap-2 + hḗli(os) sun + -os adj. suffix. See apogee
Related formsa·phe·li·an, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for aphelion

British Dictionary definitions for aphelion

aphelion

/ (æpˈhiːlɪən, əˈfiː-) /

noun plural -lia (-lɪə)

the point in its orbit when a planet or comet is at its greatest distance from the sunCompare perihelion
Derived Formsaphelian, adjective

Word Origin for aphelion

C17: from New Latin aphēlium (with pseudo-Greek ending -ion) from ap- + Greek hēlios sun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for aphelion

aphelion


n.

"point farthest from the sun" (of a celestial body's orbit), 1670s, a Grecianized form of Modern Latin aphelium, altered by Johannes Kepler based on Greek apo heliou "away from the sun," from apo "away from" (see apo-) + heliou, genitive of helios "sun" (see sol). The whole was formed on the model of Ptolemaic apogaeum (see apogee) to reflect the new helio-centric model of the universe.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for aphelion

aphelion

[ ə-fēlē-ən ]

The point at which an orbiting body, such as a planet or comet, is farthest away from the Sun. Compare apogee perihelion.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.