backstroke

[bak-strohk]
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noun

a backhanded stroke.
Swimming. a stroke made while on one's back.
a blow or stroke in return; recoil.

verb (used without object), back·stroked, back·strok·ing.

Swimming. to swim the backstroke: She backstroked across the pool.

Origin of backstroke

First recorded in 1665–75; back2 + stroke1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for backstroke

backstroke

noun

Also called: back crawl swimming
  1. a stroke performed on the back, using backward circular strokes of each arm alternately and flipper movements of the feet
  2. (as modifier)the backstroke champion
a return stroke or blow
mainly US a backhanded stroke
bell-ringing the upward movement of the bell rope as the bell swings back and forthCompare handstroke

verb

(intr) to swim the backstroke
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for backstroke
n.

1670s, "counter-punch," from back (adj.) + stroke (n.). From 1876 in swimming, from back (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper