stroke

1
[strohk]

noun

verb (used with object), stroked, strok·ing.


Origin of stroke

1
1250–1300; Middle English strok, strak (noun), probably continuing Old English *strāc (whence strācian to stroke2); cognate with German Streich; akin to strike

Synonyms for stroke

Synonym study

1, 7. See blow1.

stroke

2
[strohk]

verb (used with object), stroked, strok·ing.

to pass the hand or an instrument over (something or somebody) lightly or with little pressure; rub gently, as in soothing or caressing.
Informal. to promote feelings of self-approval in; flatter.

noun

an act or instance of stroking; a stroking movement.

Origin of stroke

2
before 900; Middle English stroken (v.), Old English strācian; cognate with German streichen; akin to strike

virgule

[vur-gyool]

noun

a short oblique stroke (/) between two words indicating that whichever is appropriate may be chosen to complete the sense of the text in which they occur: The defendant and his/her attorney must appear in court.
a dividing line, as in dates, fractions, a run-in passage of poetry to show verse division, etc.: 3/21/27; “Sweetest love, I do not go/For weariness of thee.” (John Donne)
a short oblique stroke (/) used in computing; a forward slash.

Origin of virgule

1830–40; < French virgule comma, little rod < Latin virgula; see virgulate
Also called diagonal, separatrix, shilling mark, slant, slash, solidus; especially British stroke.
Can be confusedbackslash forward slash virgule
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for stroke

Contemporary Examples of stroke

Historical Examples of stroke


British Dictionary definitions for stroke

stroke

noun

the act or an instance of striking; a blow, knock, or hit
a sudden action, movement, or occurrencea stroke of luck
a brilliant or inspired act or feata stroke of genius
pathol apoplexy; rupture of a blood vessel in the brain resulting in loss of consciousness, often followed by paralysis, or embolism or thrombosis affecting a cerebral vessel
  1. the striking of a clock
  2. the hour registered by the striking of a clockon the stroke of three
a mark, flourish, or line made by a writing implement
another name for solidus, used esp when dictating or reading aloud
a light touch or caress, as with the fingers
a pulsation, esp of the heart
a single complete movement or one of a series of complete movements
sport the act or manner of striking the ball with a racket, club, bat, etc
any one of the repeated movements used by a swimmer to propel himself through the water
a manner of swimming, esp one of several named styles such as the crawl or butterfly
  1. any one of a series of linear movements of a reciprocating part, such as a piston
  2. the distance travelled by such a part from one end of its movement to the other
a single pull on an oar or oars in rowing
manner or style of rowing
the oarsman who sits nearest the stern of a shell, facing the cox, and sets the rate of striking for the rest of the crew
US informal a compliment or comment that enhances a person's self-esteem
(modifier) slang, mainly US pornographic; masturbatorystroke magazines
a stroke or a stroke of work (usually used with a negative) a small amount of work
off one's stroke performing or working less well than usual
on the stroke of punctually at

verb

(tr) to touch, brush, or caress lightly or gently
(tr) to mark a line or a stroke on or through
to act as the stroke of (a racing shell)
(tr) sport to strike (a ball) with a smooth swinging blow
(tr) US and Canadian informal to handle or influence (someone) with care, using persuasion, flattery, etc

Word Origin for stroke

Old English strācian; related to Middle Low German strēken; see strike

virgule

noun

printing another name for solidus

Word Origin for virgule

C19: from French: comma, from Latin virgula a little rod, from virga rod
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for stroke
n.

"act of striking," c.1300, probably from Old English *strac, from Proto-Germanic *straikaz (cf. Middle Low German strek, German streich, Gothic striks "stroke"), related to the verb stracian (see stroke (v.)). The meaning "mark of a pen" is from 1560s; that of "a striking of a clock" is from mid-15c. Sense of "feat, achievement" (e.g. stroke of luck, 1853) first found 1670s; the meaning "single pull of an oar or single movement of machinery" is from 1731. Meaning "apoplectic seizure" is from 1590s (originally the Stroke of God's Hand). Swimming sense is from 1800.

v.

"pass the hand gently over," Old English stracian, related to strican "pass over lightly," from Proto-Germanic *straikojanan, which is related to the root of strike, from PIE root *streig- (see strigil). Figurative sense of "soothe, flatter" is recorded from 1510s. The noun meaning "a stroking movement of the hand" is recorded from 1630s. Related: Stroked; stroking.

virgule

n.

thin sloping line, used as a comma in medieval MSS, 1837, from French virgule, from Latin virgula "punctuation mark," literally "little twig," diminutive of virga "shoot, rod, stick." The word had been borrowed in its Latin form in 1728.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

stroke in Medicine

stroke

[strōk]

n.

A sudden severe attack, as of paralysis or sunstroke.
A sudden loss of brain function caused by a blockage or rupture of a blood vessel to the brain, resulting in necrosis of brain tissue and characterized by loss of muscular control, diminution or loss of sensation or consciousness, dizziness, slurred speech, or other symptoms that vary with the extent and severity of brain damage.cerebral accident cerebral infarction cerebrovascular accident
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

stroke in Science

stroke

[strōk]

A sudden loss of brain function caused by a blockage or rupture of a blood vessel of the brain, resulting in necrosis of brain tissue (called a cerebral infarct) and characterized by loss of muscular control, weakening or loss of sensation or consciousness, dizziness, slurred speech, or other symptoms that vary with the extent and severity of brain damage. Also called cerebrovascular accident
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

stroke in Culture

stroke

A sudden loss of brain function caused by an interruption in the supply of blood to the brain. A ruptured blood vessel or cerebral thrombosis may cause the stroke, which can occur in varying degrees of severity from temporary paralysis and slurred speech to permanent brain damage and death.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with stroke

stroke

see at one stroke; no accounting for taste (different strokes for different folks); put one off one's stride (stroke).

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.