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paralysis

[ puh-ral-uh-sis ]
/ p蓹藞r忙l 蓹 s瑟s /
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noun, plural pa路ral路y路ses [puh-ral-uh-seez]. /p蓹藞r忙l 蓹藢siz/.
Pathology.
  1. a loss or impairment of voluntary movement in a body part, caused by injury or disease of the nerves, brain, or spinal cord.
  2. a disease characterized by this, especially palsy.
a state of helpless stoppage, inactivity, or inability to act: The strike caused a paralysis of all shipping.

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Origin of paralysis

before 1150; <Latin <Greek par谩lysis, equivalent to paraly-, var stem of paraly虅虂ein to loosen (i.e., disable) on one side (para-para-1 + ly虅虂ein to loosen) + -sis-sis; replacing Middle English paralisi(e) <Old French <Latin, as above; replacing late Old English paralisin (accusative) <Latin, as above; cf. palsy1

OTHER WORDS FROM paralysis

non路pa路ral路y路sis, noun, plural non路pa路ral路y路ses.sem路i路pa路ral路y路sis, noun, plural sem路i路pa路ral路y路ses.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 漏 Random House, Inc. 2022

How to use paralysis in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for paralysis

paralysis
/ (p蓹藞r忙l瑟s瑟s) /

noun plural -ses (-藢si藧z)
pathol
  1. impairment or loss of voluntary muscle function or of sensation (sensory paralysis) in a part or area of the body, usually caused by a lesion or disorder of the muscles or the nerves supplying them
  2. a disease characterized by such impairment or loss; palsy
cessation or impairment of activityparalysis of industry by strikes

Word Origin for paralysis

C16: via Latin from Greek paralusis; see para- 1, -lysis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition 漏 William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 漏 HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for paralysis

paralysis
[ p蓹-r膬l沫-s沫s ]

n. pl. pa鈥al鈥鈥es (-s膿z鈥)
Loss of power of voluntary movement in a muscle through injury or through disease of its nerve supply.
Loss of sensation over a region of the body.
The American Heritage庐 Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright 漏 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for paralysis

paralysis
[ p蓹-r膬l沫-s沫s ]

Loss or impairment of voluntary movement or sensation in a part of the body, usually as a result of neurologic injury or disease.
The American Heritage庐 Science Dictionary Copyright 漏 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Cultural definitions for paralysis

paralysis
[ (puh-ral-uh-sis) ]

The loss of voluntary movement in a body part. Paralysis results from damage to the nerves that supply the affected part of the body.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright 漏 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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