barbiturate [ bahr- bich-er-it, - uh-reyt; bahr-bi- t-it, -eyt, - oo r ty- ] oo r SHOW IPA / bɑrˈbɪtʃ ər ɪt, -əˌreɪt; ˌbɑr bɪˈtʊər ɪt, -eɪt, -ˈtyʊər- / PHONETIC RESPELLING EXAMPLES | WORD ORIGIN noun . Pharmacology any of a group of barbituric acid derivatives, used in medicine as sedatives and hypnotics. RELATED WORDS medication
nightcap Nearby words barbirolli, barbirolli, sir john, barbital, barbitalism, barbitone, barbiturates, barbituric, barbituric acid, barbiturism, barbizon school Related forms non·bar·bit·u·rate, noun
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for barbiturates
She had taken an overdose of
barbiturates, whether deliberately or accidentally it was impossible to tell.
barbiturates, it can overwhelm alertness to the point of stopping the urge to breathe.
His sister, Leila, was found dead in a London hotel room in 2001 after taking an overdose of
In July, with their adult children standing next to them, they drank a cocktail of
barbiturates and sank into the deepest sleep. British Dictionary definitions for barbiturates barbiturate / ( bɑːˈbɪtjʊrɪt, -ˌreɪt) / noun a derivative of barbituric acid, such as phenobarbital, used in medicine as a sedative, hypnotic, or anticonvulsant
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for barbiturates n.
morphine barbiturate is from 1918), from German, coined 1863 by chemist Adolf von Baeyer (1835-1917) from Barbitursäure "barbituric acid," itself coined by Baeyer, perhaps from woman's name Barbara, or perhaps from Latin barbata, in Medieval Latin usnea barbata, literally "bearded moss." Second element is because it was obtained from uric acid. With chemical ending -ate (3).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Medicine definitions for barbiturates barbiturate [ bär-bĭch ′ər-ĭt, -ə-rāt′, bär′bĭ-tur ′ĭt, -āt′ ] n. A salt or ester of barbituric acid. Any of a group of barbituric acid derivatives that act as central nervous system depressants and are used as sedatives or hypnotics.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for barbiturates Any of a group of drugs that act as depressants of the central nervous system, are highly addictive, and are used primarily as sedatives and anticonvulsants. Phenobarbital and pentobarbital are examples of barbiturates.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Culture definitions for barbiturates barbiturates [ (bahr- bich-uh-rits, bahr- bich-uh-rayts) ]
Substances derived from an
organic compound that are used as sedatives and sleep inducers. Barbiturates, which work by depressing the activity of the central nervous system, are sometimes used in the treatment of illnesses such as epilepsy.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.