benzalkonium chloride

[ ben-zal-koh-nee-uh m ]
/ ˌbɛn zælˈkoʊ ni əm /

noun Chemistry.

a white or yellowish-white, water-soluble mixture of ammonium chloride derivatives having the structure C8H10NRCl, where R is a mixture of radicals ranging from C8H17– to C18H37–, that occurs as an amorphous powder or in gelatinous lumps: used chiefly as an antiseptic and a disinfectant.

Nearby words

  1. benzal,
  2. benzal chloride,
  3. benzal group,
  4. benzalacetone,
  5. benzaldehyde,
  6. benzamine,
  7. benzanthracene,
  8. benzedrine,
  9. benzene,
  10. benzene hexachloride

Origin of benzalkonium chloride


Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Medicine definitions for benzalkonium chloride

benzalkonium chloride

[ bĕn′zăl-kōnē-əm ]

n.

A powder prepared in an aqueous solution and used as a fungicide, bactericide, and spermicide.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for benzalkonium chloride

benzalkonium chloride

[ bĕn′zăl-kōnē-əm ]

A yellow-white powder prepared in an aqueous solution and used as a detergent, fungicide, bactericide, and spermicide. Benzalkonium chloride is a mixture of the chlorides of various organic compounds having a benzene ring attached to an ammoniated alkane.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.