- a military encampment made with tents or improvised shelters, usually without shelter or protection from enemy fire.
- the place used for such an encampment.
- to rest or assemble in such an area; encamp.
Origin of bivouac
Examples from the Web for bivouac
Ascended a red-topped peak close to our bivouac and got a view ahead.
Continuing westerly for about ten miles, we reached the water, our bivouac on the 22nd.
On a day late in October our company were in bivouac after some hard night-riding.The Cavalier
George Washington Cable
The occupants of this bivouac had turned in, and the lights had been doused.Captain Brand of the "Centipede"
H. A. (Henry Augustus) Wise
The bivouac was in the neighborhood of the Ground Squirrel bridge.Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman
J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
- a temporary encampment with few facilities, as used by soldiers, mountaineers, etc
- (intr) to make such an encampment
Word Origin and History for bivouac
1702, from French bivouac (17c.), ultimately from Swiss/Alsatian biwacht "night guard," from bei- "double, additional" + wacht "guard" (see wait (v.)). Original meaning was an army that stayed up on night watch; sense of "outdoor camp" is 1853. Not a common word in English before the Napoleonic Wars. Italian bivacco is from French. As a verb, 1809, "to post troops in the night;" meaning "camp out of doors" is from 1814.