last

1
[last, lahst]
|||

adjective a superl. of late with later as compar.

adverb

noun


Nearby words

  1. lasso,
  2. lasso, orlando di,
  3. lassus,
  4. lassus, orlandus,
  5. lassus, roland de,
  6. last analysis,
  7. last but not least,
  8. last chance saloon,
  9. last fling,
  10. last gasp

Idioms

Origin of last

1
before 900; Middle English last, latst, syncopated variant of latest, Old English latest, lætest, superlative of læt, late

SYNONYMS FOR last
1. Last, final, ultimate refer to what comes as an ending. That which is last comes or stands after all others in a stated series or succession; last may refer to objects or activities: a seat in the last row; the last game. That which is final comes at the end, or serves to end or terminate, admitting of nothing further; final is rarely used of objects: to make a final attempt. That which is ultimate (literally, most remote) is the last that can be reached, as in progression or regression, experience, or a course of investigation: ultimate truths.

Can be confusedlast penultimate ultimate

last

2
[last, lahst]

verb (used without object)

to go on or continue in time: The festival lasted three weeks.
to continue unexpended or unexhausted; be enough: We'll enjoy ourselves while our money lasts.
to continue in force, vigor, effectiveness, etc.: to last for the whole course.
to continue or remain in usable condition for a reasonable period of time: They were handsome shoes but they didn't last.

verb (used with object)

to continue to survive for the duration of (often followed by out): They lasted the war in Switzerland.

Origin of last

2
before 900; Middle English lasten, Old English lǣstan to follow (literally, go in the tracks of), perform, continue, last; cognate with German laisten to follow, Gothic laistjan. See last3

Synonym study

1. See continue.

last

3
[last, lahst]

noun

a wooden or metal form in the shape of the human foot on which boots or shoes are shaped or repaired.
the shape or form of a shoe.

verb (used with object)

to shape on or fit to a last.

Origin of last

3
before 900; Middle English lest(e), last(e), Old English lǣste; cognate with German Leisten; akin to Old English lāst, Gothic laists track

Related formslast·er, noun

last

4
[last, lahst]

noun

any of various large units of weight or capacity, varying in amount in different localities and for different commodities, often equivalent to 4000 pounds (1814.37 kilograms).

Origin of last

4
before 900; Middle English; Old English hlæst; cognate with Dutch last, German Last load; akin to lade

late

[leyt]

adjective, lat·er or lat·ter, lat·est or last.

occurring, coming, or being after the usual or proper time: late frosts; a late spring.
continued until after the usual time or hour; protracted: a late business meeting.
near or at the end of day or well into the night: a late hour.
belonging to the time just before the present moment; most recent: a late news bulletin.
immediately preceding the present one; former: the late attorney general.
recently deceased: the late Mr. Phipps.
occurring at an advanced stage in life: a late marriage.
belonging to an advanced period or stage in the history or development of something: the late phase of feudalism.

adverb, lat·er, lat·est.

after the usual or proper time, or after delay: to arrive late.
until after the usual time or hour; until an advanced hour, especially of the night: to work late.
at or to an advanced time, period, or stage: The flowers keep their blossoms late in warm climates.
recently but no longer: a man late of Chicago, now living in Philadelphia.

Origin of late

before 900; Middle English; Old English læt slow, late; cognate with German lass slothful, Old Norse latr, Gothic lats slow, lazy, Latin lassus tired

Related formslate·ness, nouno·ver·late, adjectiveo·ver·late·ness, noun

Can be confusedformer later latter

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for last


British Dictionary definitions for last

last

1

adjective (often prenominal)

being, happening, or coming at the end or after all othersthe last horse in the race
being or occurring just before the present; most recentlast Thursday
last but not least coming last in order but nevertheless important
last but one next to last
only remainingone's last cigarette
most extreme; utmost
least suitable, appropriate, or likelyhe was the last person I would have chosen
(esp relating to the end of a person's life or of the world)
  1. final or ultimatelast rites
  2. (capital)the Last Judgment
(postpositive) Liverpool dialect inferior, unpleasant, or contemptiblethis ale is last

adverb

after all others; at or in the endhe came last
  1. most recentlyhe was last seen in the mountains
  2. (in combination)last-mentioned
(sentence modifier) as the last or latest item

noun

the last
  1. a person or thing that is last
  2. the final moment; end
one's last moments before death
the last thing a person can do (esp in the phrase breathe one's last)
the final appearance, mention, or occurrencewe've seen the last of him
at last in the end; finally
at long last finally, after difficulty, delay, or irritation

Word Origin for last

variant of Old English latest, lætest, superlative of late

usage

Since last can mean either after all others or most recent, it is better to avoid using this word where ambiguity might arise as in her last novel. Final or latest should be used in such contexts to avoid ambiguity

verb

(when intr, often foll by for) to remain in being (for a length of time); continuehis hatred lasted for several years
to be sufficient for the needs of (a person) for (a length of time)it will last us until Friday
(when intr, often foll by for) to remain fresh, uninjured, or unaltered (for a certain time or duration)he lasted for three hours underground
See also last out

Derived Formslaster, noun

Word Origin for last

Old English lǣstan; related to Gothic laistjan to follow

noun

the wooden or metal form on which a shoe or boot is fashioned or repaired

verb

(tr) to fit (a shoe or boot) on a last
Derived Formslaster, noun

Word Origin for last

Old English lǣste, from lāst footprint; related to Old Norse leistr foot, Gothic laists

noun

a unit of weight or capacity having various values in different places and for different commodities. Commonly used values are 2 tons, 2000 pounds, 80 bushels, or 640 gallons

Word Origin for last

Old English hlæst load; related to hladan to lade 1

late

adjective

occurring or arriving after the correct or expected timethe train was late
(prenominal) occurring, scheduled for, or being at a relatively advanced timea late marriage
(prenominal) towards or near the endthe late evening
at an advanced time in the evening or at nightit was late
(prenominal) occurring or being just previous to the present timehis late remarks on industry
(prenominal) having died, esp recentlymy late grandfather
(prenominal) just preceding the present or existing person or thing; formerthe late manager of this firm
of late recently; lately

adverb

after the correct or expected timehe arrived late
at a relatively advanced ageshe married late
recently; latelyas late as yesterday he was selling books
late hours rising and going to bed later than is usual
late in the day
  1. at a late or advanced stage
  2. too late
Derived Formslateness, noun

Word Origin for late

Old English læt; related to Old Norse latr, Gothic lats

usage

Since late can mean deceased, many people think it is better to avoid using this word to refer to the person who held a post or position before its present holder: the previous (not the late) editor of The Times

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for last
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with last

last

In addition to the idioms beginning with last

  • last analysis
  • last but not least
  • last fling
  • last gasp
  • last laugh, have the
  • last resort
  • last straw, the
  • last word, the

also see:

  • at last
  • at the last minute
  • breathe one's last
  • each and every (last one)
  • famous last words
  • first and last
  • head for (the last roundup)
  • in the final (last) analysis
  • on one's last legs
  • see the last of
  • stick to one's last
  • to the last

late

In addition to the idioms beginning with late

  • late in life
  • late in the day

also see:

  • at the latest
  • better late than never
  • Johnny-come-lately
  • keep late hours
  • of late
  • the latest
  • too little, too late

Also see underlater.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.