extreme

[ ik-streem ]
/ ɪkˈstrim /

adjective, ex·trem·er, ex·trem·est.

noun

Origin of extreme

1425–75; late Middle English < Latin extrēmus, superlative of exterus “outward.” See exterior
Related forms

Synonym study

6. See radical.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for extreme

British Dictionary definitions for extreme

extreme

/ (ɪkˈstriːm) /

adjective

noun

Derived Formsextremeness, noun

Word Origin for extreme

C15: from Latin extrēmus outermost, from exterus on the outside; see exterior
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for extreme

extreme


adj.

early 15c., from Old French extreme (13c.), from Latin extremus "outermost, utmost, farthest, last," superlative of exterus (see exterior).

In English as in Latin, not always felt as a superlative, hence more extreme, most extreme (which were condemned by Johnson). The noun is first recorded 1540s, originally of the end of life, cf. Latin in extremis. Extreme unction preserves the sense of "last, latest" (15c.). Extremes "opposite ends of anything" is from 1550s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for extreme

extreme

[ ĭk-strēm ]

Either the first or fourth term of a proportion of four terms. In the proportion 23 = 46, the extremes are 2 and 6. Compare mean.
A maximum or minimum value of a function.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.