- (in Russia)
- a member of the more radical majority of the Social Democratic Party, 1903–17, advocating immediate and forceful seizure of power by the proletariat.
- (after 1918) a member of the Russian Communist Party.
- (loosely) a member of any Communist party.
- (often lowercase) Disparaging. a contemptuous term used to refer to an extreme radical or revolutionary.
Origin of Bolshevik
Examples from the Web for bolsheviks
“The Bolsheviks” were a tag team in the latter part of the decade, with one from Croatia and the other from America.Putin Vs. Obama—In Spandex: Wrestling’s New Cold War
May 14, 2014
Soviet Russia annexed Ukraine in 1922, after a war that had commenced in 1917, when the Bolsheviks took Moscow.Three Questions for Ukraine Hawks
March 19, 2014
This time the enemy is the Bolsheviks of the right, our current GOP.
Once upon a time, the statists—Roosevelt and his brains trusters—helped save capitalism from the Bolsheviks of the left.
They had a unified vision of conspiracy that encompassed Jews, blacks, Zionist bankers, greedy plutocrats, and Bolsheviks.Soviet Communism’s Collapse Left America’s Far Right Without a Real Foe
April 12, 2012
The advanced Anarchists are in revolt against the Bolsheviks.The Book of All-Power
The third cavalry corps with Kerensky against the Bolsheviks.The Russian Turmoil
Anton Ivanovich Denikin
If America is such a blessed country, why is she making all these Bolsheviks?
People are alarmed because the number of Bolsheviks is increasing.
The Bolsheviks had relieved them of all anxiety on that score.A Short History of the Great War
A. F. Pollard
- (formerly) a Russian CommunistCompare Menshevik
- any Communist
- (often not capital) jocular, derogatory any political radical, esp a revolutionary
Word Origin and History for bolsheviks
1917, from Russian bol'shiy "greater," comparative of adjective bol'shoy "big, great" (cf. Bolshoi Ballet), from Old Church Slavonic boljiji "larger," from PIE root *bel- "strong" (cf. Sanskrit balam "strength, force," Greek beltion "better," Phrygian balaios "big, fast," Old Irish odbal "strong," Welsh balch "proud;" Middle Dutch, Low German, Frisian pal "strong, firm").
It was the faction of the Russian Social Democratic Worker's Party after a split in 1903 that was either larger or more extreme (or both) than the Mensheviks (from Russian men'shij "less"); after they seized power in 1917, applied generally to Russian communists. Bolshevism is recorded from 1917.