borough

[ bur-oh, buhr-oh ]
/ ˈbɜr oʊ, ˈbʌr oʊ /

noun

(in certain states of the U.S.) an incorporated municipality smaller than a city.
one of the five administrative divisions of New York City.
British.
  1. an urban community incorporated by royal charter, similar to an incorporated city or municipality in the U.S.
  2. a town, area, or constituency represented by a Member of Parliament.
  3. (formerly) a fortified town organized as and having some of the powers of an independent country.
(in Alaska) an administrative division similar to a county in other states.

Origin of borough

before 900; Middle English burw(e), borwg(h), borogh, bor(u)g, bur(u)g, burgh town, Old English burg fortified town; cognate with Old Norse borg, Old Saxon, Dutch burg, German Burg castle, Gothic baurgs city; MIr brí, brig, Welsh, Breton bre hill, Avestan bərəz- height; akin to Armenian bardzr, Hittite parkus high. See barrow2.

Can be confused

borough burro burrow
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for borough

British Dictionary definitions for borough

borough

/ (ˈbʌrə) /

noun

a town, esp (in Britain) one that forms the constituency of an MP or that was originally incorporated by royal charterSee also burgh
any of the 32 constituent divisions that together with the City of London make up Greater London
any of the five constituent divisions of New York City
(in the US) a self-governing incorporated municipality
(in medieval England) a fortified town or village or a fort
(in New Zealand) a small municipality with a governing body

Word Origin for borough

Old English burg; related to beorgan to shelter, Old Norse borg wall, Gothic baurgs city, Old High German burg fortified castle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012