bound

1
[bound]
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verb

simple past tense and past participle of bind.

adjective


Nearby words

  1. bouncing,
  2. bouncing bet,
  3. bouncingly,
  4. bouncy,
  5. bouncy castle,
  6. bound and determined to,
  7. bound for,
  8. bound form,
  9. bound hand and foot,
  10. bound to, be

Idioms

    bound up in/with,
    1. inseparably connected with.
    2. devoted or attached to: She is bound up in her teaching.

Origin of bound

1
past participle and past tense of bind

SYNONYMS FOR bound
5. liable, obligated, obliged, compelled.

Related formsbound·ness, noun

bound

2
[bound]

verb (used without object)

to move by leaps; leap; jump; spring: The colt bounded through the meadow.
to rebound, as a ball; bounce: The ball bounded against the wall.

noun

a leap onward or upward; jump.
a rebound; bounce.

Origin of bound

2
1545–55; < Middle French bond a leap, bondir to leap, orig. resound ≪ Vulgar Latin *bombitīre for *bombitāre to buzz, whiz (Latin bomb(us) (see bomb) + -it- intensive suffix + -ā- thematic vowel + -re infinitive suffix)

Related formsbound·ing·ly, adverb

Can be confusedbind bound

bound

3
[bound]

noun

Usually bounds. limit or boundary: the bounds of space and time; within the bounds of his estate; within the bounds of reason.
something that limits, confines, or restrains.
bounds,
  1. territories on or near a boundary.
  2. land within boundary lines.
Mathematics. a number greater than or equal to, or less than or equal to, all the numbers in a given set.Compare greatest lower bound, least upper bound, lower bound, upper bound.

verb (used with object)

to limit by or as if by bounds; keep within limits or confines.
to form the boundary or limit of.
to name or list the boundary of.

verb (used without object)

to abut.

Origin of bound

3
1175–1225; Middle English bounde < Anglo-French; Old French bone, bonde, variant of bodne < Medieval Latin budina, of uncertain origin; cf. bourn2

Related formsbound·a·ble, adjective

bound

4
[bound]

adjective

going or intending to go; on the way to; destined (usually followed by for): The train is bound for Denver.
Archaic. prepared; ready.

Origin of bound

4
1150–1200; Middle English b(o)un ready < Old Norse būinn, past participle of būa to get ready

bind

[bahynd]

verb (used with object), bound, bind·ing.

to fasten or secure with a band or bond.
to encircle with a band or ligature: She bound her hair with a ribbon.
to swathe or bandage (often followed by up): to bind up one's wounds.
to fasten around; fix in place by girding: They bound his hands behind him.
to tie up (anything, as sheaves of grain).
to cause to cohere: Ice bound the soil.
to unite by any legal or moral tie: to be bound by a contract.
to hold to a particular state, place, employment, etc.: Business kept him bound to the city.
to place under obligation or compulsion (usually used passively): We are bound by good sense to obey the country's laws.
Law. to put under legal obligation, as to keep the peace or appear as a witness (often followed by over): This action binds them to keep the peace. He was bound over to the grand jury.
to make compulsory or obligatory: to bind the order with a deposit.
to fasten or secure within a cover, as a book: They will bind the new book in leather.
to cover the edge of, as for protection or ornament: to bind a carpet.
(of clothing) to chafe or restrict (the wearer): This shirt binds me under the arms.
Medicine/Medical. to hinder or restrain (the bowels) from their natural operations; constipate.
to indenture as an apprentice (often followed by out): In his youth his father bound him to a blacksmith.

verb (used without object), bound, bind·ing.

to become compact or solid; cohere.
to be obligatory: an obligation that binds.
to chafe or restrict, as poorly fitting garments: This jacket binds through the shoulders.
to stick fast, as a drill in a hole.
Falconry. (of a hawk) to grapple or grasp prey firmly in flight.

noun

the act or process of binding; the state or instance of being bound.
something that binds.
Music. a tie, slur, or brace.
Falconry. the act of binding prey in flight.
Informal. a difficult situation or predicament: This schedule has us in a bind.

Verb Phrases

bind off, Textiles. to loop (one stitch) over another in making an edge on knitted fabric.

Origin of bind

before 1000; Middle English binden (v.), Old English bindan; cognate with Old High German bintan, Old Norse binda, Gothic bindan, Sanskrit bandhati (he) binds

Related formsbind·a·ble, adjectivemis·bind, verb, mis·bound, mis·bind·ing.re·bind, verb, re·bound, re·bind·ing.

Can be confusedbind bound

-bound

1

a combining form of bound1: snowbound.

-bound

2

a combining form of bound4: eastbound.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for bound


British Dictionary definitions for bound

bound

1

verb

the past tense and past participle of bind

adjective

in bonds or chains; tied with or as if with a ropea bound prisoner
(in combination) restricted; confinedhousebound; fogbound
(postpositive , foll by an infinitive) destined; sure; certainit's bound to happen
(postpositive, often foll by by) compelled or obliged to act, behave, or think in a particular way, as by duty, circumstance, or convention
(of a book) secured within a cover or bindingto deliver bound books See also half-bound
(postpositive, foll by on) US resolved; determinedbound on winning
linguistics
  1. denoting a morpheme, such as the prefix non-, that occurs only as part of another word and not as a separate word in itselfCompare free (def. 21)
  2. (in systemic grammar) denoting a clause that has a nonfinite predicator or that is introduced by a binder, and that occurs only together with a freestanding clauseCompare freestanding
logic (of a variable) occurring within the scope of a quantifier that indicates the degree of generality of the open sentence in which the variable occurs: in (x) (Fxbxy), x is bound and y is freeSee free (def. 22)
bound up with closely or inextricably linked withhis irritability is bound up with his work
I'll be bound I am sure (something) is true

verb

to move forwards or make (one's way) by leaps or jumps
to bounce; spring away from an impact

noun

a jump upwards or forwards
by leaps and bounds with unexpectedly rapid progessher condition improved by leaps and bounds
a sudden pronounced sense of excitementhis heart gave a sudden bound when he saw her
a bounce, as of a ball

Word Origin for bound

C16: from Old French bond a leap, from bondir to jump, resound, from Vulgar Latin bombitīre (unattested) to buzz, hum, from Latin bombus booming sound

verb

(tr) to place restrictions on; limit
(when intr, foll by on) to form a boundary of (an area of land or sea, political or administrative region, etc)

noun

maths
  1. a number which is greater than all the members of a set of numbers (an upper bound), or less than all its members (a lower bound)See also bounded (def. 1)
  2. more generally, an element of an ordered set that has the same ordering relation to all the members of a given subset
  3. whence, an estimate of the extent of some set
See bounds

Word Origin for bound

C13: from Old French bonde, from Medieval Latin bodina, of Gaulish origin

adjective

  1. (postpositive, often foll by for)going or intending to go towards; on the way toa ship bound for Jamaica; homeward bound
  2. (in combination)northbound traffic

Word Origin for bound

C13: from Old Norse buinn, past participle of būa to prepare

bind

verb binds, binding or bound

to make or become fast or secure with or as if with a tie or band
(tr often foll by up) to encircle or enclose with a bandto bind the hair
(tr) to place (someone) under obligation; oblige
(tr) to impose legal obligations or duties upon (a person or party to an agreement)
(tr) to make (a bargain, agreement, etc) irrevocable; seal
(tr) to restrain or confine with or as if with ties, as of responsibility or loyalty
(tr) to place under certain constraints; govern
(tr often foll by up) to bandage or swatheto bind a wound
to cohere or stick or cause to cohere or stickegg binds fat and flour
to make or become compact, stiff, or hardfrost binds the earth
  1. (tr)to enclose and fasten (the pages of a book) between covers
  2. (intr)(of a book) to undergo this process
(tr) to provide (a garment, hem, etc) with a border or edging, as for decoration or to prevent fraying
(tr; sometimes foll by out or over) to employ as an apprentice; indenture
(intr) slang to complain
(tr) logic to bring (a variable) into the scope of an appropriate quantifierSee also bound 1 (def. 9)

noun

something that binds
the act of binding or state of being bound
informal a difficult or annoying situation
another word for bine
music another word for tie (def. 17)
mining clay between layers of coal
fencing a pushing movement with the blade made to force one's opponent's sword from one line into another
chess a position in which one player's pawns have a hold on the centre that makes it difficult for the opponent to advance there
See also bind over

Word Origin for bind

Old English bindan; related to Old Norse binda, Old High German bintan, Latin offendix band ², Sanskrit badhnāti he binds

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bound
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for bound

bind

[bīnd]

To combine with, form a bond with, or be taken up by a chemical or chemical structure. An enzyme, for example, is structured in such a way as to be able to bind with its substrate.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with bound

bound

In addition to the idioms beginning with bound

  • bound and determined to
  • bound for
  • bound hand and foot
  • bound to, be
  • bound up in

also see:

  • by leaps and bounds
  • duty bound
  • honor bound
  • out of bounds
  • within bounds

Also see underbind.

bind

In addition to the idioms beginning with bind

  • bind hand and foot
  • bind over

also see:

  • in a bind

Also see underbound.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.