Calvary

[ kal-vuh-ree ]
/ ˈkæl və ri /

noun, plural Cal·va·ries for 2, 3.

Golgotha, the place where Jesus was crucified. Luke 23:33.
(often lowercase) a sculptured representation of the Crucifixion, usually erected in the open air.
(lowercase) an experience or occasion of extreme suffering, especially mental suffering.

Origin of Calvary

< Late Latin Calvāria Calvary < Latin calvāria a skull, used to translate Greek kraníon cranium, itself a translation of the Aramaic name; see Golgotha
Can be confusedCalvary cavalry

Pronunciation note

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for calvary

British Dictionary definitions for calvary (1 of 2)

calvary

/ (ˈkælvərɪ) /

noun plural -ries

(often capital) a representation of Christ's crucifixion, usually sculptured and in the open air
any experience involving great suffering

British Dictionary definitions for calvary (2 of 2)

Calvary

/ (ˈkælvərɪ) /

noun

the place just outside the walls of Jerusalem where Jesus was crucifiedAlso called: Golgotha

Word Origin for Calvary

from Late Latin Calvāria, translation of Greek kranion skull, translation of Aramaic gulgulta Golgotha
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for calvary

Calvary


name of the mount of the Crucifixion, late 14c., from Latin Calvaria (Greek Kraniou topos), translating Aramaic gulgulta "place of the skull" (see Golgotha). Rendered literally in Old English as Heafodpannan stow. Latin Calvaria is related to calvus "bald" (see Calvin).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Culture definitions for calvary

Calvary


The hill near Jerusalem (see also Jerusalem) on which Jesus was crucified. The name is Latin for “Place of the Skull”; it is also called Golgotha. (See Crucifixion.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.