camp

1
[kamp]
See more synonyms for camp on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. a place where an army or other group of persons or an individual is lodged in a tent or tents or other temporary means of shelter.
  2. such tents or shelters collectively: The regiment transported its camp in trucks.
  3. the persons so sheltered: The camp slept through the storm.
  4. the act of camping out: Camp is far more pleasant in summer than in winter.
  5. any temporary structure, as a tent or cabin, used on an outing or vacation.
  6. a group of troops, workers, etc., camping and moving together.
  7. army life.
  8. a group of people favoring the same ideals, doctrines, etc.: Most American voters are divided into two camps, Republicans and Democrats.
  9. any position in which ideals, doctrines, etc., are strongly entrenched: After considering the other side's argument, he changed camps.
  10. a recreation area in the country, equipped with extensive facilities for sports.
  11. day camp.
  12. summer camp.
verb (used without object)
  1. to establish or pitch a camp: The army camped in the valley.
  2. to live temporarily in or as if in a camp or outdoors, usually for recreation (often followed by out): They camped by the stream for a week.
  3. to reside or lodge somewhere temporarily or irregularly, especially in an apartment, room, etc.: They camped in our apartment whenever they came to town.
  4. to settle down securely and comfortably; become ensconced: The kids camped on our porch until the rain stopped.
  5. to take up a position stubbornly: They camped in front of the president's office.
verb (used with object)
  1. to put or station (troops) in a camp; shelter.

Origin of camp

1
1520–30; < Middle French can, camp, orig. dial. (Normandy, Picardy) or < Old Provençal < Italian campo < Latin campus field; compare Old English campe, compe battle, battlefield (cognate with German Kampf struggle) < Germanic < Latin

camp

2
[kamp]
noun
  1. something that provides sophisticated, knowing amusement, as by virtue of its being artlessly mannered or stylized, self-consciously artificial and extravagant, or teasingly ingenuous and sentimental.
  2. a person who adopts a teasing, theatrical manner, especially for the amusement of others.
verb (used without object)
  1. Also camp it up. to speak or behave in a coquettishly playful or extravagantly theatrical manner.
adjective
  1. campy: camp Hollywood musicals of the 1940s.

Origin of camp

2
1905–10; perhaps dial. camp impetuous, uncouth person (see kemp1); hence, slightly objectionable, effeminate, homosexual; in some senses probably special use of camp1 brothel, meeting place of male homosexuals

Camp

[kamp]
noun
  1. Walter Chaun·cey [chawn-see, chahn-] /ˈtʃɔn si, ˈtʃɑn-/, 1859–1925, U.S. football coach and author.

cAMP

[kamp]
noun Biochemistry.
  1. cyclic AMP.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for camp

camp

1
noun
  1. a place where tents, cabins, or other temporary structures are erected for the use of military troops, for training soldiers, etc
  2. the military life
  3. tents, cabins, etc, used as temporary lodgings by a group of travellers, holiday-makers, Scouts, etc
  4. the group of people living in such lodgings
  5. Southern African a field or paddock fenced off as pasture
  6. a group supporting a given doctrine or theorythe socialist camp
  7. Australian a place where sheep or cattle gather to rest
  8. (modifier) suitable for use in temporary quarters, on holiday, etc, esp by being portable and easy to set upa camp bed; a camp chair
verb
  1. (intr often foll by down) to establish or set up a camp
  2. (intr often foll by out) to live temporarily in or as if in a tent
  3. (tr) to put in a camp
Derived Formscamping, noun

Word Origin for camp

C16: from Old French, ultimately from Latin campus field

camp

2
adjective
  1. effeminate; affected in mannerisms, dress, etc
  2. homosexual
  3. consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste
verb
  1. (tr) to perform or invest with a camp quality
  2. camp it up
    1. to seek to focus attention on oneself by making an ostentatious display, overacting, etc
    2. to flaunt one's homosexuality
noun
  1. a camp quality, style, etc

Word Origin for camp

C20: of uncertain origin

Camp

noun
  1. Walter (Chauncey). 1859–1925, US sportsman and administrator; he introduced new rules to American football, which distinguished it from rugby.
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for camp
n.

"place where an army lodges temporarily," 1520s, from French camp, from Italian campo, from Latin campus "open field, level space" (also source of French champ; see campus), especially "open space for military exercise."

A later reborrowing of the Latin word, which had been taken up in early West Germanic as *kampo-z and appeared originally in Old English as camp "contest, battle, fight, war." This was obsolete by mid-15c. Transferred to non-military senses 1550s. Meaning "body of adherents of a doctrine or cause" is 1871. Camp-follower first attested 1810. Camp-meeting is from 1809, originally usually in reference to Methodists.

adj.

"tasteless," 1909, homosexual slang, of uncertain origin, perhaps from mid-17c. French camper "to portray, pose" (as in se camper "put oneself in a bold, provocative pose"); popularized 1964 by Susan Sontag's essay "Notes on Camp." Campy is attested from 1959.

v.

"to encamp," 1540s, from camp (n.). Related: Camped; camping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

camp in Medicine

cAMP

abbr.
  1. cyclic AMP
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with camp

camp

In addition to the idioms beginning with camp

  • camp follower
  • camp it up
  • camp out

also see:

  • break camp
  • foot in both camps
  • happy camper
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.