[kuh-par-uh-suh n]
See more synonyms for caparison on
  1. a decorative covering for a horse or for the tack or harness of a horse; trappings.
  2. rich and sumptuous clothing or equipment.
verb (used with object)
  1. to cover with a caparison.
  2. to dress richly; deck.

Origin of caparison

1585–95; < Middle French caparasson (now caparaçon) < Old Spanish caparazón, akin to capa cape1
Related formsun·ca·par·i·soned, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for caparison

deck, covering, decoration, harness, clothing, trappings, adorn

Examples from the Web for caparison

Historical Examples of caparison

British Dictionary definitions for caparison


  1. a decorated covering for a horse or other animal, esp (formerly) for a warhorse
  2. rich or elaborate clothing and ornaments
  1. (tr) to put a caparison on

Word Origin for caparison

C16: via obsolete French from Old Spanish caparazón saddlecloth, probably from capa cape 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for caparison

1570s, "cloth spread over a saddle," also "personal dress and ornaments," from Middle French caparasson (15c., Modern French caparaçon), from Spanish caparazón, perhaps from augmentative of Old Provençal caparasso "a mantle with a hood," or Medieval Latin caparo, the name of a type of cape worn by women, literally "chaperon" (see chaperon). Past participle adjective caparisoned is attested from c.1600, from a verb caparison (1590s), from French caparaçonner, from caparaçon.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper