[ noun kahr-buh-neyt, -nit; verb kahr-buh-neyt ]
See synonyms for: carbonated on

  1. a salt or ester of carbonic acid.

verb (used with object),car·bon·at·ed, car·bon·at·ing.
  1. to form into a carbonate.

  2. to charge or impregnate with carbon dioxide: carbonated drinks.

  1. to make sprightly; enliven.

Origin of carbonate

1785–95; carbon(ic acid) + -ate2, later taken as -ate1

Other words from carbonate

  • car·bon·a·tor, noun
  • non·car·bo·nate, noun
  • non·car·bo·nat·ed, adjective
  • sem·i·car·bon·ate, adjective
  • un·car·bon·at·ed, adjective

Words Nearby carbonate Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use carbonate in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for carbonate


noun(ˈkɑːbəˌneɪt, -nɪt)
  1. a salt or ester of carbonic acid. Carbonate salts contain the divalent ion CO 3 2–

  1. to form or turn into a carbonate

  2. (tr) to treat with carbon dioxide or carbonic acid, as in the manufacture of soft drinks

Origin of carbonate

C18: from French, from carbone carbon

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for carbonate


[ kärbə-nāt′ ]

  1. A salt or ester of carbonic acid, containing the group CO3. The reaction of carbonic acid with a metal results in a salt (such as sodium carbonate), and the reaction of carbonic acid with an organic compound results in an ester (such as diethyl carbonate).

  2. Any other compound containing the group CO3. Carbonates include minerals such as calcite and aragonite.

  1. Sediment or a sedimentary rock formed by the precipitation of organic or inorganic carbon from an aqueous solution of carbonates of calcium, magnesium, or iron. Limestone is a carbonate rock.

  1. To add carbon dioxide to a substance, such as a beverage.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.