• synonyms


[noun kahr-buh-neyt, -nit; verb kahr-buh-neyt]
  1. a salt or ester of carbonic acid.
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verb (used with object), car·bon·at·ed, car·bon·at·ing.
  1. to form into a carbonate.
  2. to charge or impregnate with carbon dioxide: carbonated drinks.
  3. to make sprightly; enliven.
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Origin of carbonate

1785–95; carbon(ic acid) + -ate2, later taken as -ate1
Related formscar·bon·a·tor, nounnon·car·bo·nate, nounnon·car·bo·nat·ed, adjectivesem·i·car·bon·ate, adjectiveun·car·bon·at·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for carbonate

Historical Examples of carbonate

  • This "fur" is carbonate of lime, the same sort of substance as limestone and chalk.

    Coral and Coral Reefs

    Thomas H. Huxley

  • The most important are carbonate of soda, potash, and cyanide of potassium.

  • Boiler scale is composed of the carbonate or the sulphate of lime.

  • Composed of heavy spar and the carbonate in equal proportions.

  • The most important are the sulphide, carbonate, and hydroxide.

British Dictionary definitions for carbonate


noun (ˈkɑːbəˌneɪt, -nɪt)
  1. a salt or ester of carbonic acid. Carbonate salts contain the divalent ion CO 3 2–
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verb (ˈkɑːbəˌneɪt)
  1. to form or turn into a carbonate
  2. (tr) to treat with carbon dioxide or carbonic acid, as in the manufacture of soft drinks
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Word Origin for carbonate

C18: from French, from carbone carbon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for carbonate


1794, from French carbonate "salt of carbonic acid" (Lavoisier), from Modern Latin carbonatem "a carbonated (substance)," from Latin carbo (see carbon).

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1805, "to form into a carbonate," from carbonate (n.) by influence of French carbonater "transform into a carbonate." Meaning "to impregnate with carbonic acid gas (i.e. carbon dioxide)" is from 1850s. Related: Carbonated; carbonating.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

carbonate in Medicine


  1. A salt or ester of carbonic acid.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

carbonate in Science


  1. A salt or ester of carbonic acid, containing the group CO3. The reaction of carbonic acid with a metal results in a salt (such as sodium carbonate), and the reaction of carbonic acid with an organic compound results in an ester (such as diethyl carbonate).
  2. Any other compound containing the group CO3. Carbonates include minerals such as calcite and aragonite.
  3. Sediment or a sedimentary rock formed by the precipitation of organic or inorganic carbon from an aqueous solution of carbonates of calcium, magnesium, or iron. Limestone is a carbonate rock.
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  1. To add carbon dioxide to a substance, such as a beverage.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.