[noun kahr-buh-neyt, -nit; verb kahr-buh-neyt]
- a salt or ester of carbonic acid.
- to form into a carbonate.
- to charge or impregnate with carbon dioxide: carbonated drinks.
- to make sprightly; enliven.
Origin of carbonate
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for carbonate
This "fur" is carbonate of lime, the same sort of substance as limestone and chalk.Coral and Coral Reefs
Thomas H. Huxley
The most important are carbonate of soda, potash, and cyanide of potassium.
Boiler scale is composed of the carbonate or the sulphate of lime.
Composed of heavy spar and the carbonate in equal proportions.Field's Chromatography
The most important are the sulphide, carbonate, and hydroxide.An Elementary Study of Chemistry
- a salt or ester of carbonic acid. Carbonate salts contain the divalent ion CO 3 2–
- to form or turn into a carbonate
- (tr) to treat with carbon dioxide or carbonic acid, as in the manufacture of soft drinks
C18: from French, from carbone carbon
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for carbonate
1794, from French carbonate "salt of carbonic acid" (Lavoisier), from Modern Latin carbonatem "a carbonated (substance)," from Latin carbo (see carbon).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- A salt or ester of carbonic acid.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- A salt or ester of carbonic acid, containing the group CO3. The reaction of carbonic acid with a metal results in a salt (such as sodium carbonate), and the reaction of carbonic acid with an organic compound results in an ester (such as diethyl carbonate).
- Any other compound containing the group CO3. Carbonates include minerals such as calcite and aragonite.
- Sediment or a sedimentary rock formed by the precipitation of organic or inorganic carbon from an aqueous solution of carbonates of calcium, magnesium, or iron. Limestone is a carbonate rock.
- To add carbon dioxide to a substance, such as a beverage.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.