[ kuh-rot-id ]
/ kəˈrɒt ɪd /


Also called carotid artery. either of the two large arteries, one on each side of the head, that carry blood to the head and that divide into an external branch supplying the neck, face, and other external parts, and an internal branch supplying the brain, eye, and other internal parts.


pertaining to a carotid artery.

Origin of carotid

1660–70; < Greek karōtídes neck arteries, equivalent to karōt(ikós) soporific (kár(os) stupor + -ōtikos -otic) + -ides -id1; so called by Galen, who found that their compression causes stupor

Related forms

ca·rot·id·al, adjectivein·ter·ca·rot·id, adjectivepost·ca·rot·id, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for carotid

British Dictionary definitions for carotid


/ (kəˈrɒtɪd) /


either one of the two principal arteries that supply blood to the head and neck


of or relating to either of these arteries

Derived Forms

carotidal, adjective

Word Origin for carotid

C17: from French, from Greek karōtides, from karoun to stupefy; so named by Galen, because pressure on them produced unconsciousness
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for carotid


[ kə-rŏtĭd ]


Either of two major arteries, one on each side of the neck, that carry blood to the head.


Relating to either of these arteries.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.