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carotid

[ kuh-rot-id ]
/ kəˈrɒt ɪd /
Anatomy
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noun
Also called carotid artery. either of the two large arteries, one on each side of the head, that carry blood to the head and that divide into an external branch supplying the neck, face, and other external parts, and an internal branch supplying the brain, eye, and other internal parts.
adjective
pertaining to a carotid artery.
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Origin of carotid

1660–70; <Greek karōtídes neck arteries, equivalent to karōt(ikós) soporific (kár(os) stupor + -ōtikos-otic) + -ides-id1; so called by Galen, who found that their compression causes stupor

OTHER WORDS FROM carotid

ca·rot·id·al, adjectivein·ter·ca·rot·id, adjectivepost·ca·rot·id, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use carotid in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for carotid

carotid
/ (kəˈrɒtɪd) /

noun
either one of the two principal arteries that supply blood to the head and neck
adjective
of or relating to either of these arteries

Derived forms of carotid

carotidal, adjective

Word Origin for carotid

C17: from French, from Greek karōtides, from karoun to stupefy; so named by Galen, because pressure on them produced unconsciousness
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for carotid

carotid
[ kə-rŏtĭd ]

n.
Either of two major arteries, one on each side of the neck, that carry blood to the head.
adj.
Relating to either of these arteries.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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