[ kar-ee-at-id ]
/ ˌkær iˈæt ɪd /

noun, plural car·y·at·ids, car·y·at·i·des [kar-ee-at-i-deez] /ˌkær iˈæt ɪˌdiz/. Architecture.

a sculptured female figure used as a column.Compare atlas(def 5).

Origin of caryatid

1555–65; < Latin Caryātides (singular Caryātis) < Greek Karyā́tides columns shaped like women, literally, women of Karýai, Laconia
Related formscar·y·at·i·dal, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for caryatid

British Dictionary definitions for caryatid


/ (ˌkærɪˈætɪd) /

noun plural -ids or -ides (-ɪˌdiːz)

a column, used to support an entablature, in the form of a draped female figureCompare telamon
Derived Formscaryatidal, caryatidean, caryatic or caryatidic (ˌkærɪəˈtɪdɪk), adjective

Word Origin for caryatid

C16: from Latin Caryātides, from Greek Karuatides priestesses of Artemis at Karuai (Caryae), village in Laconia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for caryatid



"carved female figure used as a column," 1560s, from Middle French cariatide, from Latin caryatides, from Greek Karyatides (singular Karyatis) "priestesses of Artemis at Caryae" (Greek Karyai), a town in Laconia where dance festivals were held in Artemis' temple.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper