- any general or comprehensive division; a class.
- a classificatory division in any field of knowledge, as a phylum or any of its subdivisions in biology.
- (in Aristotelian philosophy) any of the fundamental modes of existence, such as substance, quality, and quantity, as determined by analysis of the different possible kinds of predication.
- (in Kantian philosophy) any of the fundamental principles of the understanding, as the principle of causation.
- any classification of terms that is ultimate and not susceptible to further analysis.
- categories. Also called Guggenheim. (used with a singular verb) a game in which a key word and a list of categories, as dogs, automobiles, or rivers, are selected, and in which each player writes down a word in each category that begins with each of the letters of the key word, the player writing down the most words within a time limit being declared the winner.
- Mathematics. a type of mathematical object, as a set, group, or metric space, together with a set of mappings from such an object to other objects of the same type.
- Grammar. part of speech.
Origin of category
SynonymsSee more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for categories
Over the course of five hours, a handful of categories at a time have been revealed.10 Biggest Grammy Award Snubs and Surprises: Meghan Trainor, Miley Cyrus & More
December 5, 2014
They splintered themselves into two categories: “Hardcore” and “Casual.”Death of ‘Gamer’ Identity: How Hardcore Trolls Pwned Themselves
September 17, 2014
Zeitgeist novels tend to fall in one of three categories, none of which have anything to do with the quality of the work itself.Zen, Motorcycles, And The Cult of Tech: How Robert Pirsig’s Classic Anticipated the Future
August 31, 2014
Well-known defectors from fundamentalist Christianity—musicians, writers, preachers—sort roughly into two categories.Frank Schaeffer, the Atheist Who Believes in God
August 3, 2014
Coalitions frequently emerge within, but not always between, these categories.Even Conservative Evangelical Support Couldn’t Save Immigration Reform
July 6, 2014
The first of Plato's categories or elements is the infinite.Philebus
We do not confuse the parts of speech with the categories of Logic.Cratylus
If you mean to include me in either of these categories, sir, will you please to say which?Davenport Dunn, Volume 2 (of 2)
Charles James Lever
Hence I have here and there permitted myself liberties with these categories.Dreamers of the Ghetto
These were the two categories that comprehended all her theory.The Daltons, Volume II (of II)
Charles James Lever
- a class or group of things, people, etc, possessing some quality or qualities in common; a division in a system of classification
- metaphysics any one of the most basic classes into which objects and concepts can be analysed
- (in the philosophy of Aristotle) any one of ten most fundamental modes of being, such as quantity, quality, and substance
- (in the philosophy of Kant) one of twelve concepts required by human beings to interpret the empirical world
- any set of objects, concepts, or expressions distinguished from others within some logical or linguistic theory by the intelligibility of a specific set of statements concerning themSee also category mistake
Word Origin and History for categories
1580s, from Middle French catégorie, from Late Latin categoria, from Greek kategoria "accusation, prediction, category," verbal noun from kategorein "to speak against; to accuse, assert, predicate," from kata "down to" (or perhaps "against;" see cata-) + agoreuein "to harangue, to declaim (in the assembly)," from agora "public assembly" (see agora). Original sense of "accuse" weakened to "assert, name" by the time Aristotle applied kategoria to his 10 classes of things that can be named.
category should be used by no-one who is not prepared to state (1) that he does not mean class, & (2) that he knows the difference between the two .... [Fowler]