catharsis

[kuh-thahr-sis]

noun, plural ca·thar·ses [kuh-thahr-seez] /kəˈθɑr siz/.

the purging of the emotions or relieving of emotional tensions, especially through certain kinds of art, as tragedy or music.
Medicine/Medical. purgation.
Psychiatry.
  1. psychotherapy that encourages or permits the discharge of pent-up, socially unacceptable affects.
  2. discharge of pent-up emotions so as to result in the alleviation of symptoms or the permanent relief of the condition.

Nearby words

  1. cath.,
  2. cathar,
  3. cathari,
  4. catharine wheel,
  5. catharist,
  6. cathartic,
  7. cathay,
  8. cathead,
  9. cathect,
  10. cathected

Origin of catharsis

1795–1805; < New Latin < Greek kátharsis a cleansing, equivalent to kathar- (variant stem of kathaírein to cleanse, derivative of katharós pure) + -sis -sis

Related formshy·per·ca·thar·sis, noun

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for catharsis


British Dictionary definitions for catharsis

catharsis

noun plural -ses

(in Aristotelian literary criticism) the purging or purification of the emotions through the evocation of pity and fear, as in tragedy
psychoanal the bringing of repressed ideas or experiences into consciousness, thus relieving tensionsSee also abreaction
purgation, esp of the bowels

Word Origin for catharsis

C19: New Latin, from Greek katharsis, from kathairein to purge, purify

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for catharsis

catharsis

n.

1803, "bodily purging," from Latinized form of Greek katharsis "purging, cleansing," from stem of kathairein "to purify, purge," from katharos "pure, clear of dirt, clean, spotless; open, free; clear of shame or guilt; purified" (with most of the extended senses now found in Modern English clear, clean, pure), of unknown origin. Originally medical in English; of emotions from 1872; psychotherapy sense first recorded 1909, in Brill's translation of Freud.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for catharsis

catharsis

[kə-thärsĭs]

n. pl. ca•thar•ses (-sēz)

Purgation.
A psychological technique used to relieve tension and anxiety by bringing repressed feelings and fears to consciousness.
The therapeutic result of this process; abreaction.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Culture definitions for catharsis

catharsis

[(kuh-thahr-suhs)]

An experience of emotional release and purification, often inspired by or through art. In psychoanalysis, catharsis is the release of tension and anxiety that results from bringing repressed feelings and memories into consciousness.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.