• synonyms


[sham-pin-yuh n or, esp. British, cham-; French shahn-pee-nyawn]
noun, plural cham·pi·gnons [sham-pin-yuh nz or, esp. British, cham-; French shahn-pee-nyawn] /ʃæmˈpɪn yənz or, esp. British, tʃæm-; French ʃɑ̃ piˈnyɔ̃/.
  1. mushroom(defs 1, 2).
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Origin of champignon

1570–80; < Middle French, apparently ≪ Vulgar Latin *campīn(us) of the field (see camp1, -ine1) + Latin -iōn- -ion
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for champignon

Historical Examples of champignon

  • Champignon says it breaks his heart to serve up a dinner to their society.

    The History of Pendennis

    William Makepeace Thackeray

  • This champignon possesses the advantage of drying readily, and preserving its aroma for a long time.

    Fungi: Their Nature and Uses

    Mordecai Cubitt Cooke

  • This meaning very nearly resembles that of the French name of one kind of mushroom, champignon.

  • One dines at the Gran Hotel Kast after the fashion of a champignon sous cloche.

    The Unspeakable Perk

    Samuel Hopkins Adams

British Dictionary definitions for champignon


  1. any of various agaricaceous edible mushrooms, esp Marasmius oreades and the meadow mushroomSee also fairy ring
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Word Origin for champignon

C16: from French, perhaps from Vulgar Latin campīnus (unattested) of the field, from Latin campus plain, field
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for champignon


"mushroom," 1570s, from Middle French champignon (14c.), with change of suffix, from Old French champegnuel, from Vulgar Latin *campaniolus "that which grows in the field," from Late Latin campaneus "pertaining to the fields," from campania "level country" (see campaign (n.)).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper