[ sham-pin-yuh n or, esp. British, cham-; French shahn-pee-nyawn ]
/ ʃæmˈpɪn yən or, esp. British, tʃæm-; French ʃɑ̃ piˈnyɔ̃ /

noun, plural cham·pi·gnons [sham-pin-yuh nz or, esp. British, cham-; French shahn-pee-nyawn] /ʃæmˈpɪn yənz or, esp. British, tʃæm-; French ʃɑ̃ piˈnyɔ̃/.

Origin of champignon

1570–80; < Middle French, apparently ≪ Vulgar Latin *campīn(us) of the field (see camp1, -ine1) + Latin -iōn- -ion Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for champignon

British Dictionary definitions for champignon


/ (tʃæmˈpɪnjən) /


any of various agaricaceous edible mushrooms, esp Marasmius oreades and the meadow mushroomSee also fairy ring

Word Origin for champignon

C16: from French, perhaps from Vulgar Latin campīnus (unattested) of the field, from Latin campus plain, field
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for champignon



"mushroom," 1570s, from Middle French champignon (14c.), with change of suffix, from Old French champegnuel, from Vulgar Latin *campaniolus "that which grows in the field," from Late Latin campaneus "pertaining to the fields," from campania "level country" (see campaign (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper