chap

1
[chap]
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verb (used with object), chapped, chap·ping.
  1. to crack, roughen, and redden (the skin): The windy, cold weather chapped her lips.
  2. to cause (the ground, wood, etc.) to split, crack, or open in clefts: The summer heat and drought chapped the riverbank.
verb (used without object), chapped, chap·ping.
  1. to become chapped.
noun
  1. a fissure or crack, especially in the skin.
  2. Scot. a knock; rap.

Origin of chap

1
1275–1325; Middle English chappen; cognate with Dutch kappen to cut; akin to chip1
Related formsun·chapped, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


Examples from the Web for chapped

Historical Examples of chapped


British Dictionary definitions for chapped

chap

1
verb chaps, chapping or chapped
  1. (of the skin) to make or become raw and cracked, esp by exposure to cold
  2. Scot (of a clock) to strike (the hour)
  3. Scot to knock (at a door, window, etc)
noun
  1. (usually plural) a cracked or sore patch on the skin caused by chapping
  2. Scot a knock

Word Origin for chap

C14: probably of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch, German kappen to chop off

chap

2
noun
  1. informal a man or boy; fellow

Word Origin for chap

C16 (in the sense: buyer): shortened from chapman

chap

3
noun
  1. a less common word for chop 3
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chapped

chap

n.

1570s, "customer," short for obsolete chapman "purchaser, trader" (see cheap). Colloquial sense of "lad, fellow" is first attested 1716 (cf. slang tough customer).

chap

v.

"to crack," mid-15c., chappen (intransitive) "to split, burst open;" "cause to crack" (transitive); perhaps a variant of choppen (see chop (v.), and cf. strap/strop), or related to Middle Dutch kappen "to chop, cut," Danish kappe, Swedish kappa "to cut." Related: Chapped; chapping. The noun meaning "fissure in the skin" is from late 14c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

chapped in Medicine

chapped

[chăpt]
adj.
  1. Having or relating to skin that is dry, scaly, and fissured, owing to excessive evaporation of moisture from the skin surface.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.