[shahr-zhey, shahr-zhey; French shar-zhey]

noun, plural char·gés [shahr-zheyz, shahr-zheyz; French shar-zhey] /ʃɑrˈʒeɪz, ˈʃɑr ʒeɪz; French ʃarˈʒeɪ/.

a chargé d'affaires.

Origin of chargé

by shortening Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Related Words for chargé


British Dictionary definitions for chargé



to set or demand (a price)he charges too much for his services
(tr) to hold financially liable; enter a debit against
(tr) to enter or record as an obligation against a person or his account
(tr) to accuse or impute a fault to (a person, etc), as formally in a court of law
(tr) to command; place a burden upon or assign responsibility toI was charged to take the message to headquarters
to make a rush at or sudden attack upon (a person or thing)
(tr) to fill (a receptacle) with the proper or appropriate quantity
(often foll by up) to cause (an accumulator, capacitor, etc) to take or store electricity or (of an accumulator) to have electricity fed into it
to fill or suffuse or to be filled or suffused with matter by dispersion, solution, or absorptionto charge water with carbon dioxide
(tr) to fill or suffuse with feeling, emotion, etcthe atmosphere was charged with excitement
(tr) law (of a judge) to address (a jury) authoritatively
(tr) to load (a firearm)
(tr) to aim (a weapon) in position ready for use
(tr) heraldry to paint (a shield, banner, etc) with a charge
(intr) (of hunting dogs) to lie down at command


a price charged for some article or service; cost
a financial liability, such as a tax
a debt or a book entry recording it
an accusation or allegation, such as a formal accusation of a crime in law
  1. an onrush, attack, or assault
  2. the call to such an attack in battle
custody or guardianship
a person or thing committed to someone's care
  1. a cartridge or shell
  2. the explosive required to discharge a firearm or other weapon
  3. an amount of explosive material to be detonated at any one time
the quantity of anything that a receptacle is intended to hold
  1. the attribute of matter by which it responds to electromagnetic forces responsible for all electrical phenomena, existing in two forms to which the signs negative and positive are arbitrarily assigned
  2. a similar property of a body or system determined by the extent to which it contains an excess or deficiency of electrons
  3. a quantity of electricity determined by the product of an electric current and the time for which it flows, measured in coulombs
  4. the total amount of electricity stored in a capacitor
  5. the total amount of electricity held in an accumulator, usually measured in ampere-hoursSymbol: q, Q
a load or burden
a duty or responsibility; control
a command, injunction, or order
slang a thrill
law the address made by a judge to the jury at the conclusion of the evidence
heraldry a design, device, or image depicted on heraldic armsa charge of three lions
the solid propellant used in rockets, sometimes including the inhibitor
in charge in command
in charge of
  1. having responsibility for
  2. USunder the care of

Word Origin for charge

C13: from Old French chargier to load, from Late Latin carricāre; see carry
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chargé



c.1200, "a load, a weight," from Old French charge "load, burden; imposition," from chargier "to load, to burden" (see charge (v.)). Meaning "responsibility, burden" is mid-14c. (e.g. take charge, late 14c.; in charge, 1510s), which progressed to "pecuniary burden, cost, burden of expense" (mid-15c.), and then to "price demanded for service or goods" (1510s). Legal sense of "accusation" is late 15c.; earlier "injunction, order" (late 14c.). Electrical sense is from 1767. Slang meaning "thrill, kick" (American English) is from 1951.



early 13c., "to load, fill," from Old French chargier "to load, burden, weigh down," from Late Latin carricare "to load a wagon or cart," from Latin carrus "wagon" (see car). Senses of "entrust," "command," "accuse" all emerged in Middle English and were found in Old French. Sense of "rush in to attack" is 1560s, perhaps through earlier meaning of "load a weapon" (1540s). Related: Charged; charging. Chargé d'affaires was borrowed from French, 1767, literally "charged with affairs."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

chargé in Science



A fundamental property of the elementary particles of which matter is made that gives rise to attractive and repulsive forces. There are two kinds of charge: color charge and electric charge. See more at color charge electric charge.
The amount of electric charge contained in an object, particle, or region of space.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with chargé


In addition to the idioms beginning with charge

  • charge off
  • charge up
  • charge with

also see:

  • carrying charge
  • get a bang (charge) out of
  • in charge
  • in charge of
  • take charge
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.