verb (used with object), charged, charg·ing.
verb (used without object), charged, charg·ing.
- electric charge.
- the process of charging a storage battery.
- to write off as an expense or loss.
- to attribute to: I charged off the blunder to inexperience.
- to agitate, stimulate, or excite: a fiery speaker who can charge up an audience.
- to put or be under the influence of narcotic drugs.
- charge account,
- charge card,
- charge carrier,
- charge conjugation,
- charge density
- in command; having supervisory power.
- British.under arrest; in or into the custody of the police.
- having the care or supervision of: She is in charge of two libraries.
- Also in the charge of.under the care or supervision of: The books are in the charge of the accounting office.
Origin of charge
- an onrush, attack, or assault
- the call to such an attack in battle
- a cartridge or shell
- the explosive required to discharge a firearm or other weapon
- an amount of explosive material to be detonated at any one time
- the attribute of matter by which it responds to electromagnetic forces responsible for all electrical phenomena, existing in two forms to which the signs negative and positive are arbitrarily assigned
- a similar property of a body or system determined by the extent to which it contains an excess or deficiency of electrons
- a quantity of electricity determined by the product of an electric current and the time for which it flows, measured in coulombs
- the total amount of electricity stored in a capacitor
- the total amount of electricity held in an accumulator, usually measured in ampere-hoursSymbol: q, Q
- having responsibility for
- USunder the care of
Word Origin for charge
c.1200, "a load, a weight," from Old French charge "load, burden; imposition," from chargier "to load, to burden" (see charge (v.)). Meaning "responsibility, burden" is mid-14c. (e.g. take charge, late 14c.; in charge, 1510s), which progressed to "pecuniary burden, cost, burden of expense" (mid-15c.), and then to "price demanded for service or goods" (1510s). Legal sense of "accusation" is late 15c.; earlier "injunction, order" (late 14c.). Electrical sense is from 1767. Slang meaning "thrill, kick" (American English) is from 1951.
early 13c., "to load, fill," from Old French chargier "to load, burden, weigh down," from Late Latin carricare "to load a wagon or cart," from Latin carrus "wagon" (see car). Senses of "entrust," "command," "accuse" all emerged in Middle English and were found in Old French. Sense of "rush in to attack" is 1560s, perhaps through earlier meaning of "load a weapon" (1540s). Related: Charged; charging. Chargé d'affaires was borrowed from French, 1767, literally "charged with affairs."
Impose a duty or task on, as in He was charged with getting this message to the commissioners. [c. 1300]
Accuse of a crime, as in He was charged with creating a disturbance. [Mid-1500s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with charge
- charge off
- charge up
- charge with
- carrying charge
- get a bang (charge) out of
- in charge
- in charge of
- take charge